12/12/2018: Εγκύκλιος Εισαγγελέα Αρείου Πάγου για δικογραφίες ρατσιστικών εγκλημάτων & κατάλογος αρμόδιων τοπικών Εισαγγελέων

20181216_105948.jpg

Document-page-001Document-page-002Document-page-003Document-page-004Document-page-005Document-page-006


5453_2018-page-001.jpg

Advertisements

Ευρωκόλαφος για ανεκτέλεστες αποφάσεις ΕΔΔΑ για βία αστυνομικών – λιμενικών και απαγόρευση τουρκικών ενώσεων

Το Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι (ΕΠΣΕ) καλεί κυβέρνηση, κόμματα και πλειοψηφία ΜΜΕ και κοινωνίας πολιτών, αντί να πανηγυρίζουν κατά τη σημερινή Παγκόσμια Ημέρα Ανθρώπινων Δικαιωμάτων, να σκύψουν πάνω στις αυστηρές έως ταπεινωτικές για την Ελλάδα συνολικά αποφάσεις της Επιτροπής Υπουργών του Συμβουλίου της Ευρώπης που πάρθηκαν την περασμένη εβδομάδα για την πάνω από δεκαετία μη συμμόρφωση με σωρεία καταδικαστικών αποφάσεων του Ευρωπαϊκού Δικαστηρίου Δικαιωμάτων του Ανθρώπου (ΕΔΔΑ) που αφορούν ατιμωρησία αστυνομικών και λιμενικών που έκαναν βασανιστήρια ή κακομεταχείριση και διάλυση ή άρνηση εγγραφής τουρκικών μειονοτικών ενώσεων. Τα πλήρη κείμενα των αποφάσεων της 6 Δεκεμβρίου 2018 (που αποσιώπησαν ΟΛΑ τα ΜΜΕ) ακολουθούν σε μετάφραση του ΕΠΣΕ το οποίο με συνεχείς τεκμηριωμένες παρεμβάσεις του έπαιξε καθοριστικό ρόλο στη διαμόρφωση των αποφάσεων αυτών. Οι παρεμβάσεις του ΕΠΣΕ και οι αποφάσεις της ΕΥ είναι διαθέσιμες στις ιστοσελίδες:

https://greekhelsinki.wordpress.com/tag/makaratzis/
http://hudoc.exec.coe.int/ENG?i=004-15563 (σχετική ιστοσελίδα Επιτροπής Υπουργών)

https://greekhelsinki.wordpress.com/tag/bekir-ousta-and-others/
http://hudoc.exec.coe.int/ENG?i=004-15568 (σχετική ιστοσελίδα Επιτροπής Υπουργών)

1. Ατιμωρησία αστυνομικών και λιμενικών για χρήση βίας

  • Η Ελλάδα ελέγχεται γιατί έχει σύντομες προθεσμίες παραγραφής αδικημάτων για βασανιστήρια και κακομεταχείριση και έτσι δεν μπορεί να επανεξετάσει τις υποθέσεις που οδήγησαν σε καταδίκες από το ΕΔΔΑ, πλην της μόνης για την οποία υπάρχει καταδίκη από ελληνικά δικαστήρια για βασανιστήρια που δεν έχουν παραγραφή (υπόθεση Σιδηρόπουλου – Παπακώστα για βασανιστήρια με ηλεκτροσόκ το 2002).
  • Ζητείται από την Ελλάδα ενημέρωση για το αν παρέμειναν στην υπηρεσία οι αστυνομικοί και οι λιμενικοί δράστες των βασανιστηρίων και της κακομεταχείρισης στις 13 υποθέσεις που οδήγησαν σε καταδικαστικές αποφάσεις από το ΕΔΔΑ (για 9 από αυτές οι προσφυγές έγιναν από το ΕΠΣΕ).
  • Χαιρετίζεται η πρόθεση της κυβέρνησης να ζητηθεί συγγνώμη από τα θύματα βασανιστηρίων και κακομεταχείρισης και αναμένεται η υλοποίησή της.
  • Ζητείται ενημέρωση για την αποτελεσματικότητα του Συνηγόρου του Πολίτη ως νέου μηχανισμού διερεύνησης των σχετικών καταγγελιών καθώς και για τον αντίκτυπο της εισαγωγής του ρατσιστικού κινήτρου στη διερεύνηση αυτών των υποθέσεων.
  • Ζητείται ενημέρωση για τα μέτρα για την ευθυγράμμιση του ορισμού των βασανιστηρίων με τις διεθνείς συμβάσεις και για την αφαίρεση της δυνατότητας μετατροπής ποινών φυλάκισης που επιβάλλονται για βασανιστήρια και άλλες μορφές κακομεταχείρισης σε πρόστιμα.

2. Απαγόρευση λειτουργίας τουρκικών μειονοτικών ενώσεων

  • Εκφράζεται λύπη για τη συνεχιζόμενη απαγόρευση λειτουργίας τουρκικών μειονοτικών ενώσεων και τη συνεχιζόμενη άρνηση συμμόρφωσης με τις αποφάσεις του ΕΔΔΑ ακόμα και μετά την εισαγωγή νομοθεσίας για την επανεξέταση των υποθέσεων αυτών που αγνόησε το Εφετείο Θράκης αρνούμενο την άρση διάλυσης της Τουρκικής Ένωσης Ξάνθης.
  • Εκφράζεται βαθιά λύπη γιατί, περιφρονώντας τη νομολογία του ΕΔΔΑ, τα ελληνικά δικαστήρια μέχρι και τον Άρειο Πάγο το 2017 αρνήθηκαν την εγγραφή του Πολιτιστικού Συλλόγου Τούρκων Γυναικών Νομού Ξάνθης.
  • Καλείται η Ελλάδα να φροντίσει ώστε να αποφασίζει για τα θέματα αυτά η δικαιοσύνη σεβόμενη την Ευρωπαϊκή Σύμβαση Δικαιωμάτων του Ανθρώπου (ΕΣΔΑ) και τις αποφάσεις του ΕΔΔΑ και για το λόγο αυτό να προχωρήσει και σε κατάρτιση των δικαστών στην ΕΣΔΑ και στην υποχρέωση συμμόρφωσης με τις αποφάσεις του ΕΔΔΑ.
  • Λόγω της σοβαρότητας της υπόθεσης αποφασίστηκε να επανεξετασθεί η συμμόρφωση της Ελλάδας κατεπειγόντως το Σεπτέμβριο 2019.

Συμβούλιο της Ευρώπης – Απόφαση Επιτροπής Υπουργών: Επίβλεψη εκτέλεσης αποφάσεων ΕΔΔΑ Μακαρατζής κτλ. κατά Ελλάδας (βία αστυνομικών – λιμενικών)


ΕΠΙΤΡΟΠΗ ΥΠΟΥΡΓΩΝ ΤΟΥ ΣΥΜΒΟΥΛΙΟΥ ΤΗΣ ΕΥΡΩΠΗΣ

ΑΝΑΠΛΗΡΩΤΕΣ ΥΠΟΥΡΓΩΝ

Αποφάσεις

CM/Del/Δεκ(2018)1331/H46-13

6 Δεκεμβρίου 2018

1331η συνεδρίαση, 4-6 Δεκεμβρίου 2018 (ΑΔ)

H46-12 Ομάδα αποφάσεων Μακαρατζής κ.λπ. κατά Ελλάδας
(Προσφυγές υπ’ αριθ. 50385/99 κτλ.)

Επίβλεψη της εκτέλεσης των αποφάσεων του Ευρωπαϊκού Δικαστηρίου

Αποφάσεις

Οι Αναπληρωτές

1. υπενθυμίζοντας ότι αυτές οι υποθέσεις αφορούν τη χρήση δυνητικά θανατηφόρας βίας και κακομεταχείρισης από όργανα επιβολής του νόμου καθώς και την έλλειψη αποτελεσματικών ερευνών ικανών να οδηγήσουν σε επαρκείς πειθαρχικές και ποινικές κυρώσεις·

Όσον αφορά τα ατομικά μέτρα

2. υπενθυμίζουν με λύπη ότι, λόγω των ισχυόντων κανόνων παραγραφής, δεν είναι δυνατή η επανεξέταση υπερβολικά επιεικών καταδικαστικών αποφάσεων ή αναποτελεσματικών ποινικών ανακρίσεων (ειδικότερα της πρόσφατης υπόθεσης Andersen).

3. εκφράζουν επίσης τη λύπη τους για το γεγονός ότι στην υπόθεση Zontul, λόγω της τότε ισχύουσας ελληνικής νομοθεσίας, η επανεξέταση της ποινικής καταδίκης των λιμενικών υπεύθυνων για προσβολή της σεξουαλικής αξιοπρέπειας δεν θα επέτρεπε να ληφθεί υπόψη η διαπίστωση του Ευρωπαϊκού Δικαστηρίου ότι τα γεγονότα αποτελούσαν βασανιστήρια κατά την έννοια του άρθρου 3 της Σύμβασης, καθώς στην έννοια των βασανιστηρίων στην ελληνική νομοθεσία δεν περιλαμβάνονταν τα πραγματικά περιστατικά της υπόθεσης· σημείωσαν ωστόσο με ικανοποίηση την απόφαση του Συνήγορου του Πολίτη να επαναλάβει τις πειθαρχικές έρευνες σχετικά με τις συνέπειες των εν λόγω πράξεων·

4. εξέφρασαν τη λύπη τους για το γεγονός ότι σε όλες τις περιπτώσεις – εκτός από εκείνες των Σιδηρόπουλου – Παπακώστα και Andersen – η επανάληψη των πειθαρχικών ερευνών δεν ήταν δυνατή λόγω του ότι τα αδικήματα είχαν παραγραφεί·

5. κάλεσαν τις αρχές να ενημερώσουν την Επιτροπή μέχρι την 1η Σεπτεμβρίου 2019 για την επανεξέταση των πειθαρχικών ερευνών σχετικά με τις υποθέσεις Σιδηρόπουλου – Παπακώστα και Andersen·

6. επισημαίνοντας επίσης την ιδιαίτερη πολυπλοκότητα του ζητήματος παραγραφής στην υπόθεση Zontul, κάλεσαν τις αρχές να υποβάλουν στην Επιτροπή έως την 1η Σεπτεμβρίου 2019 τα πλήρη πορίσματα του Λιμενικού Σώματος σχετικά με την επανάληψη της πειθαρχικής διαδικασίας, ιδίως όσον αφορά την παραμονή στην υπηρεσία των υπευθύνων·

7. χαιρέτισαν την πρόθεση των αρχών να ζητήσουν από τους επικεφαλής των υπηρεσιών που εμπλέκονται σε βασανιστήρια και άλλες μορφές κακομεταχείρισης να ζητήσουν γραπτή συγγνώμη από τους προσφεύγοντες· κάλεσαν τις αρχές να ενημερώσουν την Επιτροπή μέχρι την 1η Σεπτεμβρίου 2019 για οποιαδήποτε περαιτέρω εξέλιξη·

Όσον αφορά τα γενικά μέτρα

8. κάλεσαν τις αρχές να εντείνουν τις συνεχιζόμενες προσπάθειές τους για την εξάλειψη όλων των μορφών κακομεταχείρισης από τα όργανα επιβολής του νόμου, λαμβάνοντας δεόντως υπόψη τις συστάσεις της CPT και τις κάλεσαν να παράσχουν στην Επιτροπή συγκεκριμένες και λεπτομερείς πληροφορίες σχετικά με τα ληφθέντα ή προβλεπόμενα μέτρα σε απάντηση στις αποφάσεις του Ευρωπαϊκού Δικαστηρίου στις υποθέσεις αυτές·

9. όσον αφορά την αποτελεσματικότητα των ερευνών, κάλεσαν τις αρχές να υποβάλουν έως την 1η Σεπτεμβρίου 2019 λεπτομερείς πληροφορίες σχετικά με τα ακόλουθα θέματα:

α) την αναστολή της παραγραφής για αξιόποινες πράξεις που σχετίζονται με παραβάσεις παρόμοιες με εκείνες στις υπό κρίση υποθέσεις·

β) τη γενική δυνατότητα επανέναρξης πειθαρχικών ερευνών σε περιπτώσεις όπου έχει ήδη αποφασισθεί ποινική ή πειθαρχική ευθύνη, λαμβανομένης υπόψη της αρχής ne bis in idem που κατοχυρώνεται στον νόμο 4443/2016·

γ) την αποτελεσματικότητα του νέου μηχανισμού καταγγελίας (Συνηγόρου του Πολίτη), ιδίως υπό το πρίσμα των αποτελεσμάτων των ερευνών επί των καταγγελιών που υποβλήθηκαν μετά την έναρξη λειτουργίας του μηχανισμού στις 9 Ιουνίου 2017·

δ) τον αντίκτυπο της νέας ενισχυμένης νομοθετικής προστασίας κατά του ρατσιστικού εγκλήματος και τα ενδεχόμενα νέα μέτρα που προβλέπονται για τη διασφάλιση της διερεύνησης πιθανών ρατσιστικών κινήτρων όταν παρουσιάζεται κακομεταχείριση στο πλαίσιο της επιβολής του νόμου·

ε) το κατά πόσον οι αποφάσεις για την περάτωση ποινικών ανακρίσεων λόγω παραγραφής μπορούν να υποβληθούν σε δικαστική ή άλλη ανεξάρτητη επανεξέταση·

στ) τα μέτρα που ελήφθησαν ή σχεδιάστηκαν στο πλαίσιο της τρέχουσας αναθεώρησης του Ποινικού Κώδικα, προκειμένου να ευθυγραμμιστεί πλήρως η διεξαγωγή των ποινικών ανακρίσεων σε περιπτώσεις κακομεταχείρισης και οι σχετικές κυρώσεις με τις απαιτήσεις της νομολογίας του Δικαστηρίου, ιδίως όσον αφορά τον ορισμό των βασανιστηρίων και τις δυνατότητες μετατροπής ποινών φυλάκισης που επιβάλλονται για βασανιστήρια και άλλες μορφές κακομεταχείρισης σε ποινές μη στερητικές της ελευθερίας.

[Μετάφραση στα ελληνικά από το Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι (ΕΠΣΕ) από το αγγλικό πρωτότυπο διαθέσιμο εδώ

European Implementation Network civil society briefing focuses on Georgia, Greece and the Russian Federation

https://racistcrimeswatch.files.wordpress.com/2018/11/c5813-1543239141801.png?w=307&h=307

EIN civil society briefing focuses on Georgia, Greece and the Russian Federation

On 23 November 2018, EIN held its quarterly civil society briefing, ahead of the 1331st CM-DH meeting.

Presentations were given on the following cases:

1- Alekseyev v Russia (Application No 4916/07) and Bayev v Russia (Application No 67667/09) – Repeated bans on the holding of LGTBI marches and pickets; fines imposed for displaying banners considered to promote homosexuality among minors (against laws prohibiting such “propaganda”).

2- Makaratzis v Greece (Application No 50385/99) – Ill-treatment by coastguards and other state agents and a lack of effective investigations.

3- Merabishvili v Georgia (Application 72508/13) – Failure by the domestic courts to give relevant and sufficient reasons to justify continuation of detention on remand; continued detention on remand with the predominant purpose of obtaining information from the applicant about third persons.

4- Bekir Ousta v Greece (Application 35151/05) – Refusal of domestic courts to register the applicants’ associations.

 

 Participants in the briefing. Photo: EIN

Participants in the briefing. Photo: EIN

 

Over 35 participants attended the briefing, including participants from the Permanent Representations to the Council of Europe, the office of the Commissioner for Human Rights, and other CoE staff members. The main recommendations from the briefing are available here.

1- Alekseyev v Russian Federation (Application No 4916/07) and Bayev v Russia (Application No 67667/09)

The Alekseyev v. Russia case addresses repeated bans on demonstrations promoting tolerance and respect for the human rights of LGBTI persons in 2005, 2006 and 2007, and the absence of an effective remedy to challenge those bans. The European Court of Human Rights (the Court) found violations of Convention Articles 11 (right to freedom of assembly), 13 (right to an effective remedy), and 14 (prohibition of discrimination) taken in conjunction with Article 11.

 

 Nigel Warner from ILGA Europe reporting about the Alekseyev and Bayev v RF cases. Photo: EIN
Nigel Warner from ILGA Europe reporting about the Alekseyev and Bayev v RF cases. Photo: EIN

 

The Bayev v. Russia case addresses violations of the right to freedom of expression and discrimination on account of fines imposed on the applicants for displaying banners considered to promote homosexuality among minors. The banners were held by the Russian courts to be against the regional laws prohibiting such “propaganda”, adopted in several regions since 2006, and followed by a nation-wide law of 2013 similar to that effect (violations of Article 10 and of Article 14 in conjunction with Article 10).

The main argument advanced by the RF in support of these laws – that they are necessary to protect minors from information about homosexuality – was dismissed by the ECtHR as “lacking any evidentiary basis”.

The execution of judgments process in the Alekseyev case has now been proceeding for 7 ½ years. Over that time, in numerous Decisions, the CM has repeatedly expressed concern that the competent authorities have refused the majority of requests to hold public events similar to those in the Alekseyev judgment. It has also made numerous warnings against the introduction of regional and federal laws prohibiting so-called “propaganda of non-traditional sexual relationships” (the “propaganda” laws). These were ignored, and despite assurances by the Russian government to the contrary, these laws have been used on many occasions to refuse authorisation of public events in support of the rights of LGBTI persons. As far as the Bayev case is concerned, the judgment is relatively recent (June 2017).

In his presentation, Nigel Warner focused on the main recommendations listed in the Rule 9.2 communication submitted on those cases by Coming Out, a St Petersburg-based NGO, and ILGA Europe, in October 2018. According to Mr Warner, the latest Action Plan of the Russian Federation on those cases offers no evidence of any improvement or prospect of improvement in the situation. Furthermore, it appears to repudiate the Bayev judgment, citing a ruling of the RF Constitutional Court to the effect that the “propaganda laws” are consistent with the constitution. The “propaganda laws” continue to be used to the detriment of LGTB youth.

In view of this situation, Mr Warner therefore invited the CM to:

  • repeat its request to the Russian authorities to adopt a comprehensive action plan to ensure execution of the Alekseyev and Bayev judgments. This request should, as a minimum, include the repeal of legislation prohibiting so-called “propaganda of homosexual relations”; and
  • continue requesting information on the treatment of notifications to hold public events similar to those in the Alekseyev case.

The memo of Mr Warner is available here. His power point presentation is here. The October 2018 rule 9.2 submission form ILGA Europe and Coming Out is here. You can access the October 2018 Action Plan from the Russian Federation here.

2- Makaratzis and others group of cases v Greece (Application No 50385/99)

These cases concern ill-treatment and the unauthorized and disproportionate use of force by law enforcement officials.

An update on the group was delivered by Panayote Dimitras from the Greek Helsinki Monitor (GHM), which represents the victims in nine of thirteen cases of the group.

Mr Dimitras first underlined the positive points included in Greece’s communication dated 4/10/2018 on the Makaratzis group of cases, i.e. the beginning of the functioning of the National Mechanism for the Investigation of Arbitrary Behaviour (hereafter “the Mechanism”) within the framework of the Greek Ombudsman; and the agreement of the Government with the Mechanism recommendation that letters of apology be sent to victims of the incriminating acts.

 

 Panayote Dimitras from the Greek Helsinki Monitor on the Makaratzis group of cases. Photo: EIN

Panayote Dimitras from the Greek Helsinki Monitor on the Makaratzis group of cases. Photo: EIN

 

He further highlighted the historical decision of the Supreme Court Prosecutor, in the Chowdury and others v Greece case, to file an appeal for the cassation of a domestic court judgment for the benefit of the law, to comply with the ECtHR judgment ruling that this domestic judgment was violating the ECHR. He reminded that GHM had recommended as a fundamental remedy to execute ECtHR judgments the filing of such appeals for cassation by the Supreme Court Prosecutor in case where the violations ruled by the ECtHR resulted from domestic court judgments.

Despite these positive developments, there is still need for further progress. With regard to the work of the Ombudsman as the Mechanism for the investigation of arbitrary behaviour, in particular, Mr Dimitras regretted the lack of transparency and information on the Mechanism. GHM, which represents the victims in nine out of thirteen cases has never received any communication from the Mechanism. Most importantly, Mr Dimitras expressed his concern over the decision by the Ombudsman on almost all new cases not to carry out his own investigations but only to supervise them, and entrust the disciplinary investigations to what GHM considers as objectively partial investigation bodies. He also recalled that, in its Report on Greece of 2 November 2018, the UN Human Rights Committee evaluated the answers from Greece related to the work of the Ombudsman and the effectiveness of the Mechanism as either partially satisfactory or not satisfactory.

With regard to the Makaratzis group of cases, GHM therefore urged the CM to ask the Greek government to:

  • reopen all disciplinary investigations in the 13 cases of the Makaratzis group;
  • request the Supreme Court Prosecutor to file appeals for cassation for the benefit of law of ten domestic judgments in the Makaratzis group of cases found by the ECtHR to be in violation of the ECHR;
  • provide detailed information on the punishment of law enforcement officials for misconduct, ill-treatment or disproportionate use of force;
  • make sure that the Ombudsman investigates himself the torture or ill-treatment allegations;
  • empower the Ombudsman to impose sanctions. To do so, the law should be amended so that the Mechanism can impose penalties; concretely, a solution would be to remove the Mechanism from the Ombudsman and make it independent.
  • introduce the necessary amendments so that the definition of torture is compatible with Article 1 of UN CAT

The memo of Mr Dimitras on this group of cases is available here. The latest communication from the Greek government (September 2017) is here. You can also download the Rules 9.2. September and October submissions by the Greek Helsinki Monitor.

 

3. Merabishvili v Georgia (Application 72508/13)

 

 Georgian MP Otar Kakhidze and another Georgian MP updating on the Merabishvili case. Photo: EIN.

Georgian MP Otar Kakhidze and another Georgian MP updating on the Merabishvili case. Photo: EIN.

 

The case concerns violations suffered by the applicant, a former Prime Minister of Georgia, in the context of the criminal proceedings instituted against him in December 2012 and January 2013, for alleged embezzlement and the abuse of official authority (violations of Article 5 § 3 and Article 18 taken in conjunction with Article 5 § 1 of the Convention).

The presentation on this case was given by Mr Kakhidze, MP of Georgia, on the basis of the Rule 9 submission filed on this case by EHRAC in September 2018.

Mr Kakhidze noted that, following the release of Ilgar Mammadov on 13 August 2018, Mr Merabishvili was the only convicted individual against whom a violation of Article 18 of the Convention had been found who remained in detention.

In its Action Plan, the Government proposes to undertake further investigative measures taking full account of the Grand Chamber’s findings. “The only potential investigative mechanism in which Mr Merabishvili has confidence”, stated by Mr Kakhidze, “is an investigation by the Parliamentary Commission (a Temporary Investigative Commission, set up pursuant to the Rules of Procedure of the Parliament of Georgia, Chapter 6, Articles 55-70”). Mr Kakhidze reminded that in September 2017 he requested that such a Parliamentary Commission be established to investigate Mr Merabishvili’s covert removal. Despite the fact that this request remains pending before Parliament, the Government rejected this proposal in its Action Plan (para. 33).

Mr. Kakhidze stated that without Mr. Merabishvili’s early release another investigation was not an answer to the established breach of Article 18/5. He emphasized that even the judges dissenting on violation of Article 18 agreed that Mr. Merabishvili was removed from his cell. Mr Kakhidze also reminded that an official internal inquiry of Merabishvili’s covert removal was conducted in 2014, and another formal investigation was launched in 2016 by the “reformed” prosecution service with a “newly appointed chief prosecutor”. However, the outcome which they published in 2017 clearly contradicted the ECtHR findings, both in the chamber and GC.

The Georgian Government indicated that the current domestic law prevented mobile telephone records and cell tower data from being examined as part of any further investigation, as the offence being investigated in relation to Mr Merabishvili’s removal fell within the category of less grave crimes (Action Plan, paras 34-36). It therefore proposed to amend the domestic legislation in order to permit such investigative steps to be carried out (Action Plan, para. 37). However, as Mr Kakhidze underlined, the Government failed to provide any further information as to what specific amendments it proposed to make, within what time period, whether such amendments would be retrospective (i.e. could be applied in Mr Merabishvili’s case) or whether practically this would have any effect (i.e. whether the relevant records in this case continue to exist almost 5 years after the event in question).

The Government also indicated that it has already undertaken a number of General Measures, in light of the Grand Chamber’s judgment, including:

a. Extending the period of time for storing video surveillance footage from 24 to 120 hours (Action Plan, para. 66; Order N35 amended by Order N19 (20 March 2017)); and

b. Creation of State Inspector’s Service SIS (Action Plan, paras 74-5).

Mr Kakhidze underlined that, in reality, video surveillance footage in detention facilities are stored for 30 days, but the Government tries to make the impression that “the system change” will be seen by the CM as an effective general measure. He noted that the proposed SIS was entirely irrelevant to Mr Merabishvili’s case as the crimes that it is empowered to investigate does not include any crimes related to Mr Merabishvili’s covert removal.

Mr. Kakhidze submitted that the Government intends to take the Committee of Ministers’ attention from individual measures to general legislative measures which, in his opinion, aims at delaying Mr. Merabishvili’s early release. According to him, the applicant’s continuous detention still has ulterior purposes disclosed by the Court when establishing violation of Article 18 in conjunction with Article 5.

As previously submitted (see letter to the Committee of Ministers dated 26 January 2018), in order to effectively implement the Grand Chamber judgment in his case, the Georgian authorities should therefore:

  • Re-open the criminal proceedings against him;
  • Pending the outcome of the re-opening of the criminal proceedings, order Mr Merabishvili’s release; and
  • Ensure rigorous investigation of his covert removal by an independent body.

You can download the text of the EHRAC rule 9 submission on this case, as well as all attachments: annexe 1, 2, 3 , 4 and 5. The power point presentation of Mr Kakhidze is here. The October 2018 Action Plan from the Georgian government can be downloaded here. The November 2018 Rule 9.2. submission by the Public Defender of Georgia can be downloaded here.

Other documents presented by Mr Kakhidze:

Nov 2018 letter from Georgian MPs to the CM-DH.

October statement from Georgian NGOs on the crisis of institutions in Georgia

Excerpt from the Georgian Public Defender Report 2018

4. Bekir Ousta and others group of cases v Greece (Application No 35151/05)

These cases concern violations of the right to freedom of association (Article 11) due to the refusal to register Turkish minority associations (Bekir-Ousta and Others and Emin and Others; final domestic decisions in 2006 and 2005 respectively).

 

 Photo: EIN

Photo: EIN

 

Mr Dimitras, from the Greek Helsinki Monitor, gave a summary of the developments since the last examination of the case by the CM, in December 2017. In February 2018, the Cultural Association of Turkish Women of the Prefecture of Xanthi was refused registration on similar grounds as in the present group of cases. In its 2018 communications, mentioned Mr Dimitras, Greece has refused to address the CM December 2017 concerns on these developments. More importantly, the Supreme Court Judgment dissolving the Turkish Union of Xanthi (which was the first of the three Turkish minority associations of the group of cases that filed an application for the reopening of the domestic proceedings), was considered by the Greek government as irrevocable. This means, Mr Dimitras explained, “that any similar applications for the reopening of the proceedings on the basis of Articles 29 and 30 of Law 4491/2017 by ethnic Turkish and ethnic Macedonian minority associations vindicated by the ECtHR will have no chance to become admissible by domestic courts”.

Bearing in mind these developments, Mr Dimitras called on the CM to ask the Greek government to:

  • provide explanations for the two domestic court decisions not to register the new Cultural Association of Turkish Women in the Prefecture of Xhanti, and to reject as inadmissible the Turkish Union of Xhanti’s application to have its dissolution annulled;
  • promptly introduce a legislative amendment that will change the procedure so as to introduce a simple registration of associations, along the line of (for instance) the French model;
  • request that the Supreme Court Prosecutor to file appeals for cassation against all domestic judgments that were found by the ECtHR to violate the ECHR, including the four judgments related to the Bekir -Ousta associations.

The memo of Mr Dimitras and his recommendations are available here. The Rule 9.2. submission of the Greek Helsinki Monitor published in September and October 2018 are there. The December 2017 CM decision on this case is here.

Ρητορική μίσους στο σχολείο

parents.org.gr

Ρητορική μίσους στο σχολείο

 

Υπάρχει στο σχολείο ρητορική μίσους από άλλα παιδιά ή εκπαιδευτικούς;

 

 

Οι διακρίσεις δεν βρίσκονται μόνο στο διαδίκτυο

Υπάρχουν πολλές δημοσιεύσεις, άρθρα & υλικό που επικεντρώνονται στην ύπαρξη ρητορικής μίσους στο διαδίκτυο,  τηλεφωνικές γραμμές για το bullying ή εφαρμογή για κινητά της ΚΜΟΠ.
Επίσης τα σχολεία κάνουν εργασίες για την ρητορική μίσους στο διαδίκτυο (δείτε το βίντεο πιο κάτω),… αλλά τι γίνεται με τα όσα συμβαίνουν μέσα στο σχολείο, ή μέσα στο φροντιστήριο, από τους ίδιους τους καθηγητές ή τα μεγαλύτερα παιδιά.Διαφημίσεις

Τι μπορείτε να κάνετε εάν εκπαιδευτικός χρησιμοποιεί ρητορική μίσους

Είναι σημαντικό να καταγράψετε κατά λέξη, με ημερομηνία & ώρα την στιγμή και τα λόγια που ακούσατε, με όποια μορφή και εάν τα ακούσατε ή τα είδατε.

Είτε είναι εκπαιδευτικός, είτε μαθητής, είτε οποιοδήποτε άλλο άτομο, είναι σημαντικό να γίνονται αναφορές έτσι ώστε οι φορείς να έχουν μια εικόνα του τι συμβαίνει όπως και πόσο συχνά είναι αυτά τα περιστατικά.

Θα είναι καλό να τα στείλετε στο Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι που ασχολείται με θέματα Ρητορικής Μίσους στην Ελλάδα και στα Βαλκάνια.

Μπορείτε να χρησιμοποιήσετε και τις τηλεφωνικές γραμμές βοηθείας που υπάρχουν – αλλά το παρατηρητήριο είναι αυτό που είναι το πιο αρμόδιο για να αξιολογήσει το συμβάν, να εκδώσει δελτίο τύπου ή και να προβεί σε νομικές ενέργειες.

Παράδειγμα κειμένου

Αρχή κειμένου

“Θα ήθελα να σας αναφέρω τα παρακάτω:

Την ημερομηνία ……… ώρα…….. στην  (πόλη/περιοχή )   ο/η ………………….. του/της  κατοικία……

που είναι κόρη/γιός/φίλος του παιδιού μου/………..

μου ανέφερε ότι  ο/η…………… ……….. εκπαιδευτικός /γονέας / μαθητής  του σχολείου/φροντιστηρίου……………….   είπε   …….(περίπου ημερομηνία )……..  σε μεμονωμένα παιδιά  ………… και ………… ή  κατά την διάρκεια της ώρας μαθήματος των  (μάθημα εδώ)  ή  στο διάλλειμα  …… ή πριν το άνοιγμα/κλείσιμο  ……………………

τα εξής ………………………………………………………

Τέλος κειμένου

Για κάθε περιστατικό, συμπληρώστε διαφορετικό κείμενο ή κάντε μια λίστα των περιστατικών εάν αφορούν τα ίδια πρόσωπα.

Το κείμενο μπορείτε να το στείλετε στο email:  helsinki(at)otenet.gr

Συζήτηση στο φόρουμ

Γονείς συζητούν τι μπορούν να κάνουν για Εκπαιδευτικούς που κάνουν χρήση ρητορικής μίσους:

Τι υπαγορεύει ο εθνικός νόμος για την ρητορική μίσους;

Η νομοθεσία για τη ρητορική μίσους είναι: “O περί της Καταπολέμησης Ορισμένων Μορφών και Εκδηλώσεων Ρατσισμού και Ξενοφοβίας μέσω του Ποινικού Δικαίου Νόμος” του 2011 (N. 134(I)/2011). Αυτός ο νόμος υιοθετήθηκε για σκοπούς εναρμόνισης με την Απόφαση Πλαίσιο 2008/913/ΔΕΥ του Συμβουλίου της Ευρωπαϊκής Ένωσης για την καταπολέμηση ορισμένων μορφών και εκδηλώσεων ρατσισμού και ξενοφοβίας μέσω του ποινικού δικαίου. Η εθνική νομοθεσία προνοεί ότι πρόσωπο το οποίο εκ προθέσεως διαδίδει δημόσια και υποκινεί δημόσια με οποιοδήποτε τρόπο βία ή μίσος που στρέφεται κατά ομάδας προσώπων ή κάποιου μέλους κάποιας ομάδας προσώπων που προσδιορίζεται με βάση τη φυλή, το χρώμα, τη θρησκεία, τη γενεαλογική καταβολή ή τη εθνική ή εθνοτική καταγωγή, κατά τρόπο που διαταράσσει τη δημόσια τάξη ή που έχει απειλητικό, υβριστικό ή προσβλητικό χαρακτήρα είναι ένοχο αδικήματος και σε περίπτωση καταδίκης, υπόκειται σε ποινή φυλάκισης που δεν υπερβαίνει τα πέντε χρόνια ή/και σε χρηματική ποινή που δεν υπερβαίνει τις δέκα χιλιάδες ευρώ.
Επιπρόσθετα, το 2015 τροποποιήθηκε Ο Ποινικός Κώδικας έτσι ώστε πρόσωπο το οποίο εκ προθέσεως, δημόσια και κατά τρόπο που έχει απειλητικό ή υβριστικό ή προσβλητικό χαρακτήρα προτρέπει σε ή υποκινεί, προφορικά ή διά του τύπου ή με γραπτά κείμενα ή εικονογραφήσεις ή με οποιοδήποτε άλλο τρόπο, βία ή μίσος που στρέφεται κατά ομάδας προσώπων ή μέλους ομάδας προσώπων που προσδιορίζονται με βάση το γενετήσιο προσανατολισμό τους ή της ταυτότητας φύλου τους, είναι ένοχο αδικήματος και, σε περίπτωση καταδίκης του, υπόκειται σε ποινή φυλάκισης που δεν υπερβαίνει τα τρία (3) χρόνια ή σε χρηματική ποινή που δεν υπερβαίνει τις πέντε χιλιάδες ευρώ (€5.000) ή και στις δύο αυτές ποινές.

Περαιτέρω, ο Περί Πρόσθετου Πρωτοκόλλου στη Σύμβαση κατά του Εγκλήματος μέσω του Διαδικτύου, αναφορικά με την Ποινικοποίηση Πράξεων Ρατσιστικής και Ξενοφοβικής Φύσης που Διαπράττονται μέσω Συστημάτων Ηλεκτρονικών Υπολογιστών (Κυρωτικός) Νόμος του 2004 εντάσσει το προαναφερόμενο Πρόσθετο Πρωτόκολλου του Συμβουλίου της Ευρώπης στο εθνικό νομοθετικό πλαίσιο της Κύπρου, κι έτσι η διάδοση ρατσιστικού και ξενοφοβικού υλικού μέσω ηλεκτρονικών υπολογιστών είναι ποινικό αδίκημα. Πηγή: https://www.notohatespeech.com/el/ 

Νομικά κείμενα που εξηγούν τι είναι η ρητορική μίσους

Πως ορίζει ο νόμος την ισορροπία μεταξύ ελεθερίας της έκφρασης και του περιορισμού αυτής για την διασφάλιση των δικαιωμάτων των πολιτών μιας δημοκρατικής και πλουραλιστικής κοινωνίας; Στο παρακάτω pdf  υπάρχει μια ενδιαφέρουσα νομική ανάλυση:

Απόσπασμα:

Βίντεο για την ρητορική μίσους (του διαδικτύου) από το Δημοτικό Σχολείο Ν.Αλικαρνασσού:

Τι είναι το Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι

Το Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι, συντομογραφικά ΕΠΣΕ, αποτελεί ελληνική μη κυβερνητική οργάνωση (ΜΚΟ). Πρόκειται για το ελληνικό τμήμα τής Διεθνούς Ομοσπονδίας Ελσίνκι για τα Ανθρώπινα Δικαιώματα[1] (International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights), η οποία έχει ως σκοπό την υποστήριξη και τη δημοσιοποίηση των αρχών της τελικής πράξης της Διάσκεψης για την Ασφάλεια και τη Συνεργασία στην Ευρώπη, που υπογράφτηκε στο Ελσίνκι της Φινλανδίας τον Αύγουστο του 1975, γνωστές και ως «Συμφωνίες του Ελσίνκι»

Η οργάνωση ιδρύθηκε το 1993 και δηλωμένος σκοπός της είναι “να παρακολουθεί, να δημοσιοποιεί, να ασκεί πίεση και να παρεμβαίνει για θέματα ανθρώπινων δικαιωμάτων και διακρίσεων στην Ελλάδα, και, περιστασιακά, στα Βαλκάνια”. Επίσης, παρακολουθεί συντονισμένα τα ελληνικά και βαλκανικά μέσα μαζικής ενημέρωσης όσον αφορά ρατσιστικά, μισαλλόδοξα ή εθνικιστικά στερεότυπα μίσους. Το έργο της περιλαμβάνει, σε συνεργασία με άλλες ΜΚΟ, τη δημοσίευση δελτίων τύπου, αναλυτικών ετήσιων εκθέσεων, εναλλακτικών εκθέσεων προς τις Επιτροπές Εμπειρογνώμων για τις Συμβάσεις του ΟΗΕ, όπως επίσης εξειδικευμένες εκθέσεις αναφορικά με εθνοτικές ή εθνικές, εθνογλωσσικές, θρησκευτικές και μεταναστευτικές κοινότητες που υφίστανται στην Ελλάδα και στα Βαλκάνια.

Εκπαιδευτικά εργαλεία με δραστηριότητες

  • Εγχειρίδιο για την Εκπαίδευση ενάντια στην ρητορική του μίσους (hate speech) στο διαδίκτυο https://www.esos.gr/sites/default/files/articles-legacy/syndesmoi.pdf
  • Εγχειρίδιο εκπαιδευτικού – Κοινωνική μάθηση
    Το εγχειρίδιο περιλαμβάνει δραστηριότητες που μπορούν να χρησιμοποιηθούν με νέους και καλύπτουν διάφορα θέματα που έχουν σχέση με τη ρητορική μίσους, όπως ην επικοινωνία, πολιτισμικές αλλαγές, δημοκρατία, παγκοσμιοποίηση και θρησκεία. [Υπουργείο Παιδείας και Πολιτισμού – Παιδαγωγικό Ινστιστούτο Κύπρου]
    https://www.notohatespeech.com/
  • Ανακαλύπτοντας τον Ελέφαντα. Το εγχειρίδιο περιλαμβάνει δραστηριότητες για τη διαπολιτισμική μάθηση, την αποδοχή και τη διαχείριση της διαφορετικότητας. Απευθύνεται σε μαθητές του δημοτικού. [Υπουργείο Παιδείας και Πολιτισμού – Παιδαγωγικό Ινστιστούτο Κύπρου]  https://www.notohatespeech.com/

17/11/2018: Μηνυτήρια αναφορά κατά Κυριάκου Βελόπουλου και “Voice News” για αντιμειονοτικές ρατσιστικές απειλές και ξενοφοβική ρητορική μίσους

ΠΡΟΣ ΤΟ ΤΜΗΜΑ ΑΝΤΙΜΕΤΩΠΙΣΗΣ ΡΑΤΣΙΣΤΙΚΗΣ ΒΙΑΣ
17 Νοεμβρίου 2018

Κυρίες/Κύριοι

Σας υποβάλλουμε άλλη μια μηνυτήρια αναφορά, στα πλαίσια του προγράμματος του Παρατηρητηρίου Ρατσιστικών Εγκλημάτων, με αντικείμενο την ρητορική μίσους του Κυριάκου Βελόπουλου (μέσα από ένα ακραίο αντιμειονοτικό tweet του όπου απειλεί με χρήση ρατσιστικής βίας) και του blog του (μέσα από ένα ρατσιστικό άρθρο όπου τους  βρίζει ρατσιστικά λαθροεισβολείς), αμφότερα συνιστούν υποκίνηση, πρόκληση, διέγερση  προτροπή σε πράξεις ή ενέργειες που μπορούν να προκαλέσουν διακρίσεις, μίσος ή βία κατά ομάδας προσώπων, που προσδιορίζονται με βάση την εθνική ή εθνοτική καταγωγή:

Voice News

ΧΑΜΟΣ ΣΤΗΝ ΘΕΣΣΑΛΟΝΙΚΗ! ΣΥΜΠΛΟΚΕΣ ΜΕΤΑΞΥ ΜΕΤΑΝΑΣΤΩΝ-ΛΑΘΡΟΕΙΣΒΟΛΕΩΝ ΣΤΟ ΚΕΝΤΡΟ ΤΗΣ ΠΟΛΗΣ…

12/11/2018 ΕΛΛΑΔΑ

Ένταση και συμπλοκές μεταξύ αλλοδαπών υπήρξε  στη Θεσσαλονίκη και πιο συγκεκριμένα στην οδό Σαπφούς κοντά στην κινέζικη αγορά.

Ρεπορτάζ: Γιάννης Νάκος

Σύμφωνα με πληροφορίες η αιτία των συμπλοκών δεν έχει γνωστή μέχρι τώρα, με την Ελληνική Αστυνομία να σπεύδει άμεσα στο σημείο προκειμένου να ηρεμήσουν τα πνεύματα.

Συμπλοκές Αλλοδαποί

 Ειδικότερα να σημειωθεί ότι στο σημείο κλήθηκε μαζί με την Άμεση Δράση και η Ο.Π.Κ.Ε, γεγονός που καταδεικνύει και την σοβαρότητα του περιστατικού.

Με την εμφάνιση της αστυνομίας οι περισσότεροι εξ’αυτών αποχώρησαν από το σημείο.

Συμπλοκές Αλλοδαπών

Η υπόθεση διερευνάται προκειμένου να διαπιστωθεί τί ήταν εκείνο που προκάλεσε την αναταραχή.thesstoday.gr

Παρακαλούμε για τις ενέργειές σας καθώς και να μας ενημερώσετε για τον αριθμό πρωτοκόλλου που θα δώσετε στη μήνυση αυτή.


Με τιμή,

Παναγιώτης Δημητράς

Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι email: panayotedimitras@gmail.com
διεύθυνση: ΤΘ 60820 – 15304 Γλυκά Νερά

12/11/2018: Αντιμειονοτικό άρθρο που προτρέπει σε βία με αφορμή συνέδριο του Ουράνιου Τόξου στο Αμύνταιο

Αττικά Νέα

Δευτέρα, 12 Νοεμβρίου 2018

Τα πράγματα είναι σοβαρά – Το συνέδριο του Ουράνιου Τόξου με την άδεια του Δήμου Αμυνταίου μίλησε για “Αναγνώριση της Εθνικής Μακεδονικής Μειονότητας”

Όπως βλέπουμε στις αφίσες του συνεδρίου κεντρικό αίτημα αποτελεί η “αναγνώριση της εθνικής μακεδονικής μειονότητας”. 

Και όλα αυτά γίνονται σε δημόσιο κτίριο, δηλαδή σε περιουσία του ελληνικού λαού, με την άδεια των τοπικών αρχών και φυσικά την ανοχή τους. 

Όσο για τους πραγματικούς Μακεδόνες…μάλλον δεν έχουν αντιληφθεί τι πραγματικά συμβαίνει τους τελευταίους μήνες.



Βρε, αν δεν λαλήσουν τα κοκόρια, σε κάθε ΕΘΝΙΚΟ ΠΡΟΔΟΤΗ ΤΗΣ ΤΟΠΙΚΗΣ ΑΥΤΟΔΙΟΙΚΗΣΗΣ, πρώτα και μετά στους παραπάνω, ΤΕΛΕΙΩΣΑΜΕ ΩΣ ΕΘΝΟΣ.

Με το που ελήφθη στο δημοτικό συμβούλιο η απόφαση για την διεξαγωγή του συνεδρίου, οι δημοτικοί άρχοντες που ψήφισαν, έπρεπε να είχαν ήδη …. ΚΑΘΑΙΡΕΘΕΙ… και πηδηχτεί από το παράθυρο.

Ο κάθε δήμαρχος, εφαρμόζει απλά τις αποφάσεις του δημοτικού συμβουλίου…  

ΟΙ ΚΑΤΟΙΚΟΙ ΣΤΟ ΑΜΥΝΤΑΙΟ, ΤΙ ΕΚΑΝΑΝ;;; ΓΙΑΤΙ ΔΕΝ ΕΒΓΑΛΑΝ ΤΑ… ΚΟΚΟΡΙΑ ΤΟΥΣ;;;

ΓΕΜΙΣΑΜΕ ΕΓΧΩΡΙΟΥΣ ΕΦΙΑΛΤΕΣ ΚΑΙ ΚΟΤΟΠΟΠΟΛΟ, ΚΑΙ ΜΕΤΑ ΤΑ ΒΑΖΟΥΜΕ ΜΕ ΤΟΥΣ ΕΞΩΧΩΡΙΟΥΣ, ΑΝΤΙ ΝΑ ΓΚΑΜΗΣΟΥΜΕ ΤΟΥΣ ΕΓΧΩΡΙΟΥΣ ΠΡΟΔΟΤΕΣ ΚΑΙ ΥΠΟΤΑΓΜΕΝΟΥΣ!


Καλλιόπη Σουφλή 


Τα πράγματα όσον αφορά την τύχη της Μακεδονίας είναι πολύ σοβαρά αφού τα κάστρα πέφτουν από μέσα. 

Όπως αναδείξαμε σε προγενέστερη ανάρτηση το Ουράνιο Τόξο πραγματοποίησε το 3ο συνέδριό του σε αίθουσα του Δήμου Αμυνταίου με σχετική απόφαση του Δήμου αναρτημένη στη ΔΙΑΥΓΕΙΑ σε θέμα που έφερε στην επιφάνεια η π. βουλευτής Κοζάνης κι επικεφαλής του Μετώπου Νίκης, Ραχήλ Μακρή (άρθρο).

Η βασική απόφαση του συνεδρίου όπως αναφέρει το mkd.mk είναι η κάθοδος στις επόμενες εκλογές για το Ευρωπαϊκό Κοινοβούλιο στην Ελλάδα, εάν καταφέρει το κόμμα να συγκεντρώσει αρκετά χρήματα.

Το δημοσίευμα σημειώνει ακόμη:

«Επτά νέα μέλη εκλέχθηκαν επίσης στο συνέδριο της Κεντρικής Επιτροπής, το οποίο θεωρείται ευρέως ως μεγάλη επιτυχία, καθώς όλο και περισσότεροι νέοι “Μακεδόνες” αρχίζουν να ενδιαφέρονται για τις δραστηριότητες του κόμματος.
 
Ο Γιώργος Παπαδάκης προτάθηκε για αντιπρόεδρος της Ευρωπαϊκής Ελεύθερης Συμμαχίας (ΕΕΣ), μια ένωση μειονοτικών κομμάτων στην Ευρώπη»
Και συνεχίζει: 
«Το Ουράνιο Τόξο των ελληνικών αρχών θα ζητήσει και πάλι την εγγραφή του Σπιτιού του Μακεδονικού Πολιτισμού στη Φλώρινα. Το Δικαστήριο Ανθρωπίνων Δικαιωμάτων στο Στρασβούργο έχει ήδη αποφασίσει ότι το Σώμα του Μακεδονικού Πολιτισμού θα πρέπει να καταχωρηθεί από τα ελληνικά δικαστήρια. Η Ελλάδα αρνείται να χορηγήσει άδεια για εγγραφή και εργασία του Σώματος».

Όσον αφορά τη Συνθήκη Πρεσπών, το Ουράνιο Τόξο σημειώνει ότι η αλλαγή του ονόματος των Σκοπίων είναι εσωτερικό ζήτημα αλλά αυτό είναι ενάντιο σε όποια αλλαγή.


Ωστόσο όπως βλέπουμε στις αφίσες του συνεδρίου κεντρικό αίτημα αποτελεί η “αναγνώριση της εθνικής μακεδονικής μειονότητας”. 

Και όλα αυτά γίνονται σε δημόσιο κτίριο, δηλαδή σε περιουσία του ελληνικού λαού, με την άδεια των τοπικών αρχών και φυσικά την ανοχή τους. 

Όσο για τους πραγματικούς Μακεδόνες…μάλλον δεν έχουν αντιληφθεί τι πραγματικά συμβαίνει τους τελευταίους μήνες.

Πηγή

20/10/2018: Ρατσιστική παρενόχληση εκδήλωσης της μακεδονικής μειονότητας στη Φλώρινα από τη Χρυσή Αυγή και ποινικές ευθύνες της ΕΛ.ΑΣ.

   Ρατσιστική παρενόχληση σε εκδήλωση της Μακεδονικής μειονότητας στη Φλώρινα από τη Χρυσή Αυγή (με ρητορική μίσους και από το Γιάννη Λαγό) και άλλους ακροδεξιούς όπως τον “Ιερό Λόχο 2012”, με την ανοχή της ΕΛ.ΑΣ. η οποία είναι ποινικά ελέγξιμη αφού ανέχθηκε το παράνομο ρατσιστικό κλείσιμο των δρόμων για ώρες και συμβούλευε τους ανθρώπους να πηγαίνουν μέσα από τα χωράφια αντί να αποτρέψει τη συγκέντρωση όπως κάνει άλλες φορές όταν η Χ.Α. προσπαθεί να εμποδίσει άλλους, μη μειονοτικούς, φορείς. Η εκδήλωση ωστόσο έγινε όπως φαίνεται και σε βίντεο που ακολουθεί.

   Αρκεί κανείς να φανταστεί τη σημασία για την ελληνική κοινή γνώμη ενός αντίστοιχου γεγονότος π.χ. ενός αποκλεισμού από ναζιστές και με την ανοχή της αστυνομίας, μιας εκδήλωσης της ελληνικής μειονότητας στην Αλβανία και με το κράτος μέσα από τους -κυβερνητικούς και μη- πολιτικούς φορείς του να σφυρίζει αδιάφορα.

  Ακολουθεί και εγκωμιαστική, άρα ρατσιστική αρθρογραφία. Τέλος παραθέτουμε είδηση στα αγγλικά για τον τρόπο αντιμετώπισης 233 μεταναστών διαδηλωτών στην Ορεστιάδα που έκλεισαν ένα δρόμο για να γίνουν ορατοί και να αποτρέψουν παράνομη επαναπροώθηση εις βάρος τους και τιμωρήθηκαν με ποινή ενός έτους (με 3ετή αναστολή ο καθένας) για να γίνει ακόμα πιο κατανοητή η ευμενής στάση της ΕΛ.ΑΣ. απέναντι σε ακροδεξιούς και ναζιστές που παρεμποδίζουν Έλληνες πολίτες με μειονοτική εθνική συνείδηση:

screenshot-30d994c2-4cc2-4894-b5bb-9b1b62ee65f8-2018.10.21-14-37-56και


Χρυσή Αυγή

Σάββατο, 20 Οκτωβρίου 2018

Με μια δυναμική και μαζική διαμαρτυρία οι Χρυσαυγίτες κατάφεραν σήμερα να βάλουν φρένο στην ανθελληνική προπαγάνδα των Σκοπιανών, η οποία βρίσκεται σε έξαρση μετά και την επικύρωση της προδοτικής συμφωνίας των Πρεσπών από το κοινοβούλιο των Σκοπίων.

Κλιμάκιο Βουλευτών της Χρυσής Αυγής, αποτελούμενο από τους Γιάννη Λαγό, Γιάννη Σαχινίδη, Χρήστο Χατζησάββα, το μέλος του πολιτικού Συμβουλίου Αρτέμη Ματθαιόπουλο και πλήθος Συναγωνιστών βρίσκεται αυτήν την στιγμή λίγα μέτρα έξω από το ξενοδοχείο «ΠΑΝΟΡΑΜΑ» στον Αγ. Παντελεήμονα Φλώρινας σε συγκέντρωση διαμαρτυρίας απέναντι στην ανθελληνική δράση των φιλοσκοπιανών και των πρακτόρων τους.

Ο δρόμος προς το ξενοδοχείο όπου ήταν να πραγματοποιηθεί η ανθελληνική εκδήλωση του φιλοσκοπιανού συλλόγου έχει αποκλειστεί και αυτό αποτελεί μια Νίκη για τους Έλληνες Εθνικιστές!

Αξίζει να σημειωθεί πως η αστυνομοκρατία στην περιοχή κατόπιν εντολών του κράτους των Αθηνών είναι πρωτοφανής. Εκατοντάδες αστυνομικοί από όλη την Μακεδονία έχουν συγκεντρωθεί στην Φλώρινα για να παρεμποδίσουν την διαμαρτυρία των Χρυσαυγιτών.

Είναι χαρακτηριστικό πως οι αστυνομικοί με τις κλούβες τους έχουν δημιουργήσει μπλόκα 5 χιλιομέτρων, ανάμεσα από τα οποία πέρασαν οι Συναγωνιστές και διατρανώνουν πως η Μακεδονία ήταν, είναι και θα είναι ΠΑΝΤΟΤΕ και ΜΟΝΟ Ελληνική!


Χρυσή Αυγή

Σάββατο, 20 Οκτωβρίου 2018

Η δυναμική διαμαρτυρία των Βουλευτών της Χρυσής Αυγής και πλήθους Συναγωνιστών στο χωριό Άγιος Παντελεήμονας στο Αμύνταιο στέφθηκε με απόλυτη επιτυχία, καθώς ακυρώθηκε η ανθελληνική εκδήλωση από τον φιλοσκοπιανό σύλλογο «Στέγη Μακεδονικού Πολιτισμού».

Σε δήλωσή του ο Βουλευτής της Χρυσής Αυγής Γιάννης Λαγός δήλωσε: “Η ώρα είναι 21:10. Η εκδήλωση των σκοπιανών, η εκδήλωση του “Ουράνιου τόξου” δυστυχώς για αυτούς ματαιώθηκε από την παρουσία της Χρυσής Αυγής και των Ελλήνων Εθνικιστών. 21 και 10 φεύγουμε και δεν υπάρχει κανείς στην αίθουσα σε μια ειρηνική καθ΄όλα νόμιμη συγκέντρωση των Χρυσαυγιτών. Θέλανε σήμερα να χορέψουνε “διάφορους παραδοσιακούς χορούς και τραγούδια”. Εμείς τους βάλαμε να χορέψουνε… τάνγκο που είναι χορός για δύο. Τόσοι ήταν στην αίθουσα!

Στην εκδήλωση των φιλοσκοπιανών δεν πάτησε ούτε ψυχή και ΟΛΟΚΛΗΡΗ η αίθουσα έμεινε άδεια!

Πρόκειται για μια ακόμη εθνικιστική Νίκη, αφού κανείς από τους σκοπιανούς και τους εγχώριους πράκτορές τους δεν μπόρεσε να προσεγγίσει τον χώρο.

Οι Χρυσαυγίτες έστειλαν ηχηρό μήνυμα από την Φλώρινα: Η ΜΑΚΕΔΟΝΙΑ ΕΙΝΑΙ ΜΟΝΟ ΕΛΛΗΝΙΚΗ!

Την επιτυχημένη διαμαρτυρία των Συναγωνιστών και την αποτυχία των φιλοσκοπιανών κάλυψε με ρεπορτάζ και το seleo.gr.

—————————————————————————————————————————————
screenshot-30d994c2-4cc2-4894-b5bb-9b1b62ee65f8-2018.10.21-14-37-56
———————————————————————————————————–

https://ierosloxos2012.blogspot.com

Η προπαγάνδα των γενίτσαρων θα σταματάει στον δρόμο!

Το Σάββατο 20/10/18 ο σύλλογος μας συνέδραμε επικουρικά στο αποκλεισμό του ξενοδοχείου “Πανόραμα” στον Άγιο Παντελεήμωνα Αμυνταίου που πραγματοποιούσε από νωρίς το μεσημέρι η Χρυσή Αυγή.
Η δράση στέφθηκε με επιτυχία γιατί οι γενίτσαροι αφενός κατάλαβαν ότι τα ψέμματα τελείωσαν και θα μας βρίσκουν απέναντι τους ΚΑΘΕ ΦΟΡΑ που θα επιχειρούν να δηλητηριάσουν τον αέρα της Μακεδονίας μας με την σιχαμερή προπαγάνδα τους και αφετέρου διότι τους να αναγκάσαμε να μαζευτούν οι ελάχιστοι έμμισθοι γενίτσαροι στα κρυφά και στα μουλωχτά πολύ αργότερα και να βγάλουν κάποιες προπαγανδιστικές φωτογραφίες και βίντεο ότι τελικά η εκδήλωση τους πέτυχε.Εάν ήταν όλη η υπόθεση για 20 τσιράκια σας,να μας το λέγατε….
Φυσικά και δεν είχαν καμία όρεξη για γλέντι μετά το κλύσμα που έφαγαν από την Χρυσή Αυγή και από τον Ιερό Λόχο 2012.
Επίσης πολύ τους έτσουξε η δυναμική πορεία του συλλόγου μας ως επίλογο της βραδιάς μέσα στην πόλη του Αμύνταιου,με τα νεαρά Ελληνόπουλα της πόλης,να ακολουθούν την πορεία και να λένε με την περήφανη Ελληνική Ψυχή τους το Μακεδονία Ξακουστή και τον Εθνικό μας Ύμνο,αυτά δηλαδή που ζεματάνε τους γενίτσαρους.
Τα πολλά λόγια είναι φτώχεια όμως.Ραντεβού ξανά στην επόμενη προσπάθεια σας για προπαγάνδα γενίτσαροι!
Υ.Γ.Συγχαρητήρια στην Χρυσή Αυγή για τον έγκαιρο αποκλεισμό του ξενοδοχείου και ευχαριστούμε τα μέλη του Συνδέσμου Εθνικής Ενότητας,της Επιτροπής Μακεδονικού Αγώνα,της ομάδος Εθνική Συνείδηση που στήριξαν την εξόρμηση μας!

———————————————————————————————————————————
e-ptolemeos.gr

Αμύνταιο: Πορεία του «Ιερού Λόχου» κατά της ίδρυσης «Μακεδονικού Συλλόγου» από το «Ουράνιο Τόξο» παρουσία των ΜΑΤ – VIDEO

Δημοσιεύτηκε απο: Βάσω Σάφη
21/10/2018
Πορεία στο Αμύνταιο Φλώρινας πραγματοποίησαν βραδινές ώρες του Σαββάτου μέλη της οργάνωσης του «Ιερού λόχου», φωνάζοντας συνθήματα κρατώντας ελληνικές σημαίες και πανό, παρουσία ισχυρής αστυνομικής δύναμης και των ΜΑΤ.
Λίγη ώρα πριν είχαν συγκεντρωθεί στον Άγιο Παντελεήμονα, αντιδρώντας σε πρόσκληση του κόμματος του «Ουράνιου Τόξου»  Φλώρινας να ιδρύσει «Στέγη Μακεδονικού Πολιτισμού» διοργανώνοντας, μάλιστα εκδήλωση για το βράδυ του Σαββάτου σε ξενοδοχείο στον Άγιο Παντελεήμονα Αμυνταίου.
Δείτε τα video του «e-ptolemeos.gr»:

Δείτε την πρόσκληση του «Ουράνιου Τόξου», που προηγήθηκε:
——————————————————————————————————————————————
μακ


orest

23/07/2018: Αντι-μειονοτικά αντιτουρκικά συνθήματα σε συγκέντρωση στην Κομοτηνή και άρθρο στη Χρυσή Αυγή

Αντι-μειονοτικά – αντιτουρκικά συνθήματα σε συγκέντρωση στην Κομοτηνή και σχετικό άρθρο στη Χρυσή Αυγή στις 23 Ιουλίου 2018. Στο δεύτερο βίντεο που παρατίθεται στο άρθρο ακούγονται τα συνθήματα “Τούρκοι Μογγόλοι δολοφόνοι” και “Σκατά στον τάφο του Κεμάλ” και στο τρίτο βίντεο το σύνθημα “Έξω οι Τούρκοι από τη Θράκη”:

Χρυσή Αυγή

Δευτέρα, 23 Ιουλίου 2018

Σε διαδήλωση κατά της Τουρκίας εξελίχθηκε το πανθρακικό συλλαλητήριο για τη Μακεδονία στην Κομοτηνή. Έγινε πορεία προς το τουρκικό Προξενείο και θυροκολλήθηκε αίτημα για την απελευθέρωση των δύο Ελλήνων στρατιωτικών Μητρετώδη και Κούκλατζη.

Στην πορεία συμμετείχαν δεκάδες Συναγωνιστές μας από την Θράκη.

Στην Κεντρική Πλατεία Κομοτηνής πραγματοποιήθηκε χθες με εντυπωσιακή συμμετοχή το δεύτερο συλλαλητήριο για τη Μακεδονία, που στο τέλος μετατράπηκε σε πορεία διαμαρτυρίας προς το Τουρκικό Προξενείο της πόλης για την συνεχιζόμενη κράτηση των δύο Ελλήνων στρατιωτικών εδώ και 5 μήνες.

Αυτή τη φορά το συλλαλητήριο είχε πανθρακικό χαρακτήρα, αφού στην πρωτεύουσα της Ροδόπης μετέβησαν άνθρωποι από όλη τη Θράκη, κατόπιν σχετικού καλέσματος που έγινε δια των μέσων κοινωνικής δικτύωσης.

 

Κρατώντας ελληνικές σημαίες και φωνάζοντας, μεταξύ άλλων, συνθήματα για την ελληνικότητα της Μακεδονίας, οι συγκεντρωθέντες διατράνωσαν την αντίθεσή τους στη συμφωνία των Πρεσπών. Παρόντες ήταν και εκπρόσωποι των τεσσάρων Μητροπόλεων της Θράκης που δήλωσαν τη στήριξη τους στο συλλαλητήριο.

Οι συγκεντρωμένοι κατευθύνθηκαν μέσω των οδών Λ. Ηρώων και Χαρ. Τρικούπη προς το τουρκικό Προξενείο Κομοτηνής, το οποίο περιφρουρούσαν ισχυρές αστυνομικές δυνάμεις, προκειμένου να διαδηλώσουν την αντίθεση τους ενάντια στην παρατεταμένη κράτηση των δύο Ελλήνων στρατιωτικών, Μητρετώδη και Κούκλατζη.

 

Ύστερα από διαβουλεύσεις μεταξύ διαδηλωτών και Αστυνομίας, επετράπη σε τριμελή αντιπροσωπεία να θυροκολλήσει αίτημα σε ειδικό πίνακα που τοποθετήθηκε για το λόγο αυτό έξω από το τουρκικό Προξενείο.

Το αίτημα των διαδηλωτών:

«Ελευθερώστε τον Άγγελο Μητρετώδη και τον Δημήτριο Κούκλατζη.

Αναφορικά με τη σύλληψη την 1η Μαρτίου 2018 και τη συνεχιζόμενη κράτηση από τις τουρκικές αρχές των δύο Ελλήνων στρατιωτικών, του Άγγελου Μητρετώδη και του Δημήτριου Κούκλατζη, επειδή το τουρκικό δικαστήριο αποφάσισε παρά τις συνεχείς αιτήσεις αποφυλάκισης να συνεχιστεί η κράτηση τους, επειδή οι δύο Έλληνες κρατούνται χωρίς να έχουν απαγγελθεί κατηγορίες εναντίον τους ώστε να γνωρίζουν γιατί κατηγορούνται, επειδή προηγούμενες παρόμοιες υποθέσεις τυχαίων διελεύσεων των συνόρων είτε από Έλληνες είτε από Τούρκους στρατιώτες διευθετούνταν στο παρελθόν επιτόπου στο επίπεδο των τοπικών στρατιωτικών αρχών των δύο πλευρών:

 

Ζητούμε από τις τουρκικές Αρχές να απελευθερώσουν τους δύο κρατούμενους Έλληνες και να τους επιστρέψουν στην Ελλάδα.

Ζητούμε από τον ΟΗΕ, το ΝΑΤΟ, το Συμβούλιο, την Επιτροπή, την Υπηρεσία Εξωτερικής Δράσης και όλα τα κράτη μέλη της ΕΕ να δείξουν αλληλεγγύη στην Ελλάδα και να ζητήσουν την άμεση απελευθέρωση των δύο Ελλήνων σε οποιεσδήποτε επαφές ή επικοινωνίες, στο πνεύμα του Διεθνούς Δικαίου και των σχέσεων καλής γειτονίας.

Ζητούμε από τις τουρκικές Αρχές να ακολουθήσουν επιμελώς τις νομικές διαδικασίες και να σεβαστούν πλήρως, αυτό που τους αφορά, τα ανθρώπινα δικαιώματα που καθιερώνονται από το διεθνές δίκαιο, περιλαμβανομένης της σύμβασης της Γενεύης.

Ζητούμε από τον πρόεδρο της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας, τον Πρωθυπουργό, τη Βουλή των Ελλήνων, τα κόμματα και όλους τους φορείς και θεσμούς της Ελλάδας, να προωθήσουν το ψήφισμα στην Τουρκία για να απελευθερωθούν ο Άγγελος Μητρετώδης και ο Δημήτριος Κούκλατζης».

17/07/2018: Ρατσιστικές απειλές κατά μακεδονικού μειονοτικού συλλόγου από το Δήμαρχο Έδεσσας

Γεγονότα (aridaia-.blogspot.com)

Τρίτη, 17 Ιουλίου 2018

Στα άκρα η αντιπαράθεση Δημάρχου Έδεσσας με τον Σύλλογο Πλατάνης και όχι Νησίου

     ΔΙΟΡΘΩΣΗ

ΠΡΟΕΙΔΟΠΟΙΗΣΕ ΟΤΙ ΘΑ ΣΤΕΙΛΕΙ 

ΤΗΝ ΑΣΤΥΝΟΜΙΑ ΣΤΟ ΧΩΡΙΟ

 ΑΝ ΤΡΑΓΟΥΔΗΣΟΥΝ 

ΣΤΟ ΤΟΠΙΚΟ ΙΔΙΩΜΑ

Έντονη αντιπαράθεση ξέσπασε μεταξύ του Δημάρχου  Έδεσσας και του διοργανωτή  των εκδηλώσεων  του πολιτιστικού Συλλόγου   Πλατάνης (και όχι Νησίου ,όπως εκ παραδρομής γράφτηκε) . Σύμφωνα με ασφαλείς πληροφορίες ο Δήμαρχος φέρεται να προειδοποίησε τον διοργανωτή   να μην παίξουν τοπική παραδοσιακή μουσική με λόγια στο τοπικό ιδίωμα , κατά την διάρκεια των  διήμερων  εκδηλώσεων της  Αγίας Παρασκευής   ( και όχι της γιορτής καραβίδας που γίνεται στο Νησί) διαφορετικά θα στείλει την αστυνομία να τους συλλάβει. Αυτός φέρεται να του απάντησε ότι θα παίξουν ότι παραδοσιακό υπάρχει και  δεν τους φοβίζει τίποτα , διότι δεν παραβαίνουν κανένα νόμο 

Να υπενθυμιστεί ότι οι κάτοικοι της Πλατάνης κατάγονται όλοι από το Άνω Λουτράκι ης Κανονικής Μακεδονίας  και μετοίκησαν εκεί στις αρχές του 20ου αιώνα .   Να δούμε  τι μέλλει γενέσθαι

US Department of State Religious Freedom Report for 2017: Greece

US Department of State
Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor

International Religious Freedom Report for 2017: Greece

Executive Summary

The constitution states freedom of religious conscience is inviolable and provides for freedom of worship with some restrictions. The constitution recognizes Greek Orthodoxy as the “prevailing religion.” The law prohibits offenses against “religious peace,” including blasphemy and religious insult, punishable by prison sentences of up to two years. The government continued enforcing the blasphemy laws, leading to the arrests of at least five citizens in four separate cases. The constitution prohibits proselytizing, and no rite of worship may “disturb public order or offend moral principles.” At least 28 different religious communities are officially registered with the government under various laws, and a 2014 law outlines the procedures for other groups to obtain government recognition. Religious groups without legal recognition are able to function but may face administrative difficulties and additional tax burdens. The Greek Orthodox Church and, to a lesser extent, the Muslim minority of Thrace and the Catholic Church receive some government benefits not available to other religious communities. A court granted legal recognition to the Ethiopian Orthodox Christian community. The government granted a permit for the first time for a polytheistic group to operate a house of prayer. Some members of the Thrace Muslim community opposed the government’s appointment of muftis, advocating that the community elect them. The government amended a series of laws to allow private citizens and municipal authorities to apply for permits to operate crematory facilities for those whose religious beliefs do not permit burial in Greek cemeteries; to allow Muslim students in primary and secondary schools to be absent from school on Islamic religious holidays; and to establish an administrative committee for a mosque in Athens. The law also allowed for the descendants of deceased Greek Jews born in the country prior to May 9, 1945 to obtain Greek citizenship. The government improved the process for mosque modifications in Thrace. Jehovah’s Witnesses said, the government did not approve their requests to be exempted from military service in several instances. The criminal trial of 69 members and supporters of the Golden Dawn (GD) political party, widely considered anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim, continued. They were charged with multiple attacks, including several against Muslim migrants, from 2011 to 2014. GD members of parliament (MPs) continued to make anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim comments. The government continued to fund Holocaust education programs and commemorate Greek Holocaust victims.

Media reports of incidents of anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim discrimination and hate speech continued, including some directed at immigrants. Jehovah’s Witnesses continued to report incidents of discrimination by some private citizens while preaching or when distributing information material in Athens and in other cities. There were reports of vandalism against religious properties, including Holocaust memorials and a Greek Orthodox church. Police launched investigations and made some arrests; however, the prosecutor had not filed charges in these cases by the end of the year.

The U.S. Ambassador, visiting U.S. officials, and other embassy and consulate representatives met with officials and representatives from the Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs, including the minister of education and the secretary general for religious affairs. They confirmed minority communities could apply for and establish houses of worship, learned about government initiatives that affect the Muslim minority in Thrace and immigrants, and expressed concern about anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim acts and rhetoric. Embassy officials also engaged the archbishop of the Greek Orthodox Church and other metropolitans, as well as members of the Muslim, Jewish, Catholic, Bahai, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), and Jehovah’s Witness communities to promote religious tolerance and encourage interfaith dialogue. The embassy sponsored two international exchange participants for a program on minority migrant integration and tolerance. The embassy promoted religious tolerance through the Ambassador’s remarks via social media, including his remarks at the Conference on Religious Pluralism and Peaceful Coexistence in the Middle East.


Section I. Religious Demography 

The U.S. government estimates the population at 10.8 million (July 2017 estimate), of whom it estimates 98 percent are Greek Orthodox, 1.3 percent Muslim, and 0.7 percent other religions. According to a 2015 poll by Kappa Research Firm, a local private research firm, 81.4 percent of the population self-identifies as Greek Orthodox, 2.9 percent identifies with other religious groups, and 14.7 percent is atheist.

Muslims constitute a number of distinct communities including, according to the Council of Europe’s European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance, approximately 100,000-120,000 individuals in Thrace descending from the Muslim minority officially recognized in the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. According to local religious leaders and migrant activists, approximately 150,000 Muslim immigrants and foreign workers from Southeastern Europe, South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Middle East, and North Africa continue to reside mostly in and around Athens, clustered together based on their countries of origin. Additionally the UN High Commissioner for Refugees estimated that approximately 49,000 recently arrived migrants and asylum seekers remained in the country at year’s end – mostly from Muslim-majority countries.

Other religious communities report that their members combined constitute between 3 and 5 percent of the population. These include Old Calendarist Orthodox, atheists and agnostics, Roman Catholics, Protestants, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, members of polytheistic Hellenic religions, Scientologists, Bahais, Mormons, Sikhs, Seventh-day Adventists, Buddhists, and members of the International Society of Krishna Consciousness (ISKON).


Section II. Status of Government Respect for Religious Freedom

Legal Framework

The constitution recognizes Greek Orthodoxy as the “prevailing religion.” The constitution states freedom of religious conscience is inviolable and provides for freedom of worship under the protection of the law with some restrictions. The constitution prohibits proselytizing, and no rite of worship may “disturb public order or offend moral principles.” The constitution allows prosecutors to seize publications that offend Christianity or other “known religions.” The law prohibits offenses against “religious peace,” including blasphemy and religious insult, which are punishable by prison sentences of up to two years. Blasphemy cases may be brought before civil and criminal courts. Development of religious conscience among citizens is listed as one of the goals of state education according to the constitution. Greek Orthodox priests and government-appointed muftis and imams in Thrace receive their salaries from the Greek government but are not considered to be state officials.

The constitution stipulates ministers of all known religions shall be subject to the same state supervision and the same obligations to the state as clergy of the Greek Orthodox Church. It also states individuals shall not be exempted from their obligations to the state or from compliance with the law because of their religious convictions.The Greek Orthodox Church, the Jewish community, and the Muslim minority of Thrace have long-held status as official religious legal entities. The Catholic Church, the Anglican Church, two evangelical Christian groups, and the Ethiopian, Coptic, Armenian Apostolic, and Assyrian Orthodox Churches automatically acquired the status of religious legal entities under a 2014 law. The same law also provides for groups seeking recognition to become religious legal entities under civil law. The recognition process involves filing a request at the civil court, providing documents proving the group has open rituals and no secret doctrines, supplying a list of 300 signatory members who do not adhere to other religious groups, demonstrating that there is a leader who is legally in the country and is otherwise qualified, and showing that their practices do not pose a threat to public order. Once the civil court recognizes the group, it sends a notification to the Secretariat General for Religions.With legal status, the religious group may legally transfer property and administer houses of prayer and worship, private schools, charitable institutions, and other nonprofit entities. Some religious groups have opted to retain their status as civil society nonprofit associations that they acquired through court recognition prior to the 2014 law. Under this status, religious groups may operate houses of prayer and benefit from real estate property tax exemptions, but they may face administrative and fiscal difficulties in transferring property and operating private schools, charitable institutions, and other nonprofit entities.The law allows religious communities without status as legal entities to appear before administrative and civil courts as plaintiffs or defendants.A religious group that has obtained at least one valid permit to operate a place of prayer is considered a “known religion” and thereby acquires legal protection, including a tax exemption for property used for religious purposes. Membership requirements for house of prayer permits differ from the requirements for religious legal entities. The granting of house of prayer permits is subject to approvals from local urban planning departments attesting to the compliance of a proposed house of prayer with local public health and safety regulations, and the application requires at least five signatory members of the group. Once a house of worship receives planning approvals, a religious group must submit a file including documents describing the basic principles and rituals of the religious group, as well as a biography of the religious minister or leader; the file must be approved by the Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs. The leaders of a religious group applying for a house of prayer permit must be Greek citizens, European Union nationals, or legal residents of the country and must possess other professional qualifications, including relevant education and experience. A separate permit is required for each physical place of worship.The 1923 Treaty of Lausanne gives the recognized Muslim minority of Thrace the right to maintain mosques and social and charitable organizations (auqafs). Government-appointed muftis are allowed to practice sharia and render religious judicial services in the area of family law for those members of the Muslim community in Thrace who opt to use the services of a mufti instead of civil courts. The government, in consultation with a committee of Muslim leaders, appoints three muftis in Thrace to 10-year terms of office, with the possibility of extension. Civil courts in Thrace routinely ratify the family law decisions of the muftis. The muftis also appoint imams to serve in the community’s mosques.The law protects an individual’s right to predetermine his or her form of funeral service and burial location in the presence of a notary. Individuals are allowed to designate the location and the method of funeral service under conditions that relate to public order, hygiene, or moral ethics, as well as a person responsible for the execution of funeral preferences. On July 28, the parliament amended existing legislation to allow private citizens and municipal authorities to apply for permits to operate crematory facilities to benefit those whose religious beliefs do not permit burial in Greek cemeteries. On October 18, the parliament passed an amendment changing the use of land in Eleonas region, in central Athens, thus paving the way for the construction by the local municipality of a crematory facility.All religious groups are subject to taxation on their property used for nonreligious purposes. Property used solely for religious purposes remains exempt from taxation, as well as municipal fees, for groups classified as religious legal entities or “known religions.”A law passed by parliament on August 8 exempts monasteries on the peninsula of Mount Athos from paying pending property tax on any properties owned inside or outside Mount Athos.Home schooling is not permitted for children. The law requires all children to attend nine years of compulsory education in state or private schools and one year of compulsory preschool education in accordance with the official school curriculum. Greek Orthodox religious instruction in primary and secondary schools is included in the curriculum. School textbooks focus mainly on Greek Orthodox teachings; however, they also include some basic information on some other “known” religions – ones the courts define as having “open rituals and no hidden doctrines.” Students may be exempted from religious instruction upon request, but parents of students registered as Greek Orthodox in school records must state the students are not Greek Orthodox believers in order to receive the exemption. There are no private religious schools, although certain foreign-owned private schools and individual churches may teach optional religious classes on their premises, which students may attend on a voluntary basis. The law provides for optional Islamic religious instruction in public schools in Thrace for the recognized Muslim minority and optional Catholic religious instruction in public schools on the islands of Tinos and Syros.A law passed on August 4, effective for the 2017-2018 school year, enables members from the Muslim minority and Catholic communities who teach in state schools to retain these positions if they are also called to serve as muftis or bishops. The law also provides for excused absences for Muslim students in primary and secondary school for Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha and the following day.The government operates secular Greek-Turkish bilingual schools and two Islamic religious schools in Thrace. The law in Thrace provides for Islamic religious instructors to teach Islam to the Muslim minority in Greek-language public schools in lieu of mandatory twice weekly Greek Orthodox religious courses. Muslim students in Thrace wishing to study the Quran may also attend after-hours religious classes in mosques.The law establishes an annual 0.5 percent quota for admission of students from the recognized Muslim minority to universities, technical institutes, and civil service positions. Two percent of students entering the national fire brigade school and academy should be from the Muslim minority in Thrace. On February 14, the parliament amended existing legislation to standardize and simplify the certification process for teaching staff from the Muslim minority in Thrace.The law provides for alternative forms of mandatory service for religious conscientious objectors in lieu of the nine-month mandatory military service. Conscientious objectors are required to serve 15 months of alternate service in state hospitals or municipal and public services.The law prohibits discrimination and criminalizes hate speech on the grounds of religion. Individuals or legal entities convicted of incitement to violence, discrimination, or hatred on the basis of religion, among other factors, may be sentenced to prison terms of between three months and three years and fined 5,000 to 20,000 euros ($6,300 to $24,000). Violators convicted of other crimes motivated by religion may be sentenced to an additional six months to three years, with fines doubled. The law criminalizes approval, trivialization, or malicious denial of the Holocaust and “crimes of Nazism” if that behavior leads to incitement of violence or hatred, or has a threatening or abusive nature towards groups of individuals. The National Council against Racism and Xenophobia, an advisory body under the Ministry of Justice, Transparency, and Human Rights, is charged with preventing, combating, monitoring, and recording racism and intolerance and protecting individuals and groups targeted on several grounds, including religion. The National Commission for Human Rights, comprised of government and nongovernmental organization (NGO) members, serves as an independent advisory body to the government on all human rights issues.An amendment passed by the parliament on March 28, allows the descendants of deceased Greek Jews born in the country prior to May 9, 1945 to obtain Greek citizenship.The law requires all civil servants, including cabinet and parliament members, to take an oath before entering office; individuals are free to take a religious or secular oath in accordance with their beliefs. Witnesses in trials must also take oaths before testifying in court, and can also select between a religious and a secular oath in both civil and criminal cases.The country is a party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.


Government Practices

Summary paragraph: The government continued enforcing the blasphemy laws, leading to the arrests of at least five citizens in four separate cases. All blasphemy cases during the year related to statements against Orthodox Christianity. Charges against six of the organizers of the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Intersex (LGTBI) group Thessaloniki Pride for malicious blasphemy were dropped, but the case remained open as authorities continued to search for the individuals who created the artwork cited in the complaint. A soccer player was suspended for several games because he “cursed the divine.” An appeals court annulled the sentence of a blogger convicted in 2014 of “habitual blasphemy and offense of religion.” The criminal trial of 69 party members and supporters from the GD political party, widely considered anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim by scholars, media, and other observers, on charges including murder, membership in a criminal organization, conspiracy, weapons possession, and racist violence, continued through the end of the year. Some of the victims were Muslim migrants. A court granted legal recognition to the Ethiopian Orthodox Christian community. The government approved, for the first time, a permit to operate a prayer house for the Supreme Council of Ethnic Greeks (YSEE). Two religious groups – an Old Calendarist and an evangelical Christian – applied to courts seeking legal recognition. Religious groups without religious entity status and no house of prayer permits were still able to function as registered nonprofit civil law organizations. The government continued to provide funding and other benefits to the Greek Orthodox Church and, to a lesser extent, the Muslim community of Thrace and the Catholic Church. Muslim leaders continued to criticize the lack of Islamic cemeteries outside of Thrace and the absence of a mosque in Athens. Deputy Foreign Minister Ioannis Amanatidis issued a statement on May 25 supporting the opening of an Athens mosque. GD MPs made anti-Semitic references, portraying Jewish individuals as those with the most decision-making and economic power.In January police announced the arrest of two individuals in Epirus who each accused the other of committing multiple crimes, including malicious blasphemy. In April police in Volos reported that a suspect refused to comply with police instructions. He was charged with resisting arrest, insulting an officer, and malicious blasphemy, and sentenced to a 17-month suspended prison sentence, only to be served if he repeats the offense within three years. According to police statistics, another individual in central Greece was charged with malicious blasphemy in March; additional details were not available in this case. In May, according to local press reports, coast guard officials in Rafina charged a 17-year-old with resisting arrest, criminal threats, physical injury to an officer, and malicious blasphemy. In February a soccer player was suspended for four games by the soccer association in northern Greece because he “cursed the divine.” On March 2, an appeals court annulled the 10-month sentence of a blogger convicted in 2014 of “habitual blasphemy and offense of religion” for creating a satirical page on social media mocking a dead Orthodox monk who was later proclaimed a saint. The acquittal was the result of a legal provision that cleared a backlog of misdemeanor offenses committed up until March 31, 2016.According to research conducted by the Greek Helsinki Monitor (GHM), in 2016 the Hellenic (national) Police opened 254 cases for malicious blasphemy involving 328 defendants, 312 of whom were Greeks and 16 foreigners. The Hellenic Police arrested 159 of these suspects; in the vast majority of cases, malicious blasphemy was not the only charge. Additionally, in 2016 police opened 43 cases for disturbing the religious peace; 46 individuals were arrested in these cases.In October, according to GHM, authorities dropped malicious blasphemy charges against the organizers of Thessaloniki Pride after concluding that the group was not responsible for producing the poster cited in the case. In 2016 Metropolitan of Kalavryta Amvrosios and five private citizens had filed separate police complaints for malicious blasphemy and offending religion against a group of six individuals involved in the organization of the Thessaloniki Pride. The complaint centered on an unofficial version of the 2016 Thessaloniki Pride poster, which featured an artistic depiction of Jesus on a cross with the text, “He was crucified for us too.” At the end of the year, the case remained open and had been referred to the cyber police to identify the creators of the poster.The criminal trial of 69 GD party members and supporters, including 18 of its current and former MPs, continued through the end of the year, with the examination of witnesses. The charges were related to a string of attacks, including against Muslim migrants and Greeks; they included murder, conspiracy, weapons possession, and membership in a criminal organization.On April 12, the media reported that the national police took precautionary measures to protect the three Coptic churches in Athens following attacks against Copts in Egypt. Measures included adding undercover police, frequent patrolling around the churches’ locations, and contacting the churches’ leaders to urge them to establish direct communication with police if they noticed something unusual or suspicious.Early in the year a court granted legal recognition to the Ethiopian Orthodox Christian community as a religious entity. Two religious groups – an Old Calendarist and an evangelical Christian – applied to courts seeking legal recognition as religious entities. Rulings for these two applications were pending at year’s end.Religious groups without religious entity status and no house of prayer permits, including Scientologists and the ISKCON, were still able to function as registered nonprofit civil law organizations. The government did not legally recognize weddings conducted by members of those religious groups, whose only option was a civil marriage.The government approved permits for 18 houses of prayer, including the first prayer house for the YSEE, a polytheistic group revering the ancient Hellenic gods. The government did not deny any applications for permits during the year. The government granted 12 permits to Jehovah’s Witnesses. It also granted a permit to a group of Muslims from Bangladesh and three permits to Pentecostals. The government revoked one permit at the request of a small religious community that no longer wished to operate its house of prayer. There were no pending applications at year’s end.The government continued to provide funding for religious leaders’ salaries and other benefits to the Greek Orthodox Church and, to a lesser extent, to the Muslim community of Thrace and the Catholic Church. The government also supported seminars for teachers to raise awareness of the Holocaust among students and funding for educational visits for students to Auschwitz.The government continued to provide direct support to the Greek Orthodox Church, including for religious training of clergy and funding for religious instruction in schools. Greek Orthodox priests continued to receive their salaries from the state. Some Greek Orthodox officials stated this direct support was given in accordance with a series of legal agreements with past governments, and in exchange for religious property previously expropriated by the state. The Ministry of Education and Religious Affairs continued to partially fund retirement pensions of Orthodox monks and monitor vocational training for Orthodox clergy.The government continued to state that Muslims not part of the recognized minority created by the Treaty of Lausanne were not covered by that treaty and therefore did not have the rights related to it, such as the right to bilingual education, special quotas for university entry and jobs in the public sector, the optional use of sharia in family and inheritance matters, and optional Islamic religious classes in public schools.Some members of the Thrace Muslim community continued to object to the government’s practice of appointing muftis, pressing for direct election of muftis by the Muslim community. The government continued to state that government appointment was appropriate because the muftis had judicial powers and the constitution requires the government to appoint all judges. Academics and activists said the ability of courts in Thrace to provide judicial oversight of muftis’ decisions was limited by the lack of translation of sharia into Greek and lack of familiarity with sharia in general. On November 13, the prime minister announced the government’s plans to make the use of sharia in Thrace optional and consensual by all parties. The Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs subsequently issued a draft legislative amendment and an explanatory framework. The bill was approved in principle by the relevant parliamentary committee on December 21 and scheduled for a plenary vote after the end of the year.On November 13, the media reported that a Thessaloniki Misdemeanor Court convicted the unofficial mufti in Xanthi of impersonating a public authority and an unofficial local imam of disturbing the peace for unlawfully and violently preventing the official mufti from performing the funeral service for a Muslim soldier in Glafki village in 2016. The sentences were suspended for three years, only to be served if the defendants commit a repeat offense during this time. The defendants appealed the decision.On March 28, the minister for education, research and religions issued a decision establishing a working group on the upgrading and modernization of the muftiates in Thrace. The group comprised four employees of the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs – three from the Directorate for Religious Administration under the Secretariat General for Religions and one from the General Directorate of the ministry’s Financial Services. The minister tasked the working group with drafting an analytical report on the existing situation and compiling recommendations for operational improvements. The decision also called for assistance from other individuals, including the head of the Directorate for Minority Education and the school advisor for the minority program in minority schools, a member of the Muslim minority. The group was granted full access to all archives, information, books, and financial data kept in the muftiates, with guarantees to respect data protection laws.Some members of the Muslim minority in Thrace continued to criticize the appointment by the government, rather than the election by the Muslim community, of members entrusted with the administration of the auqafs, which oversee endowments, real estate, and charitable funds of the minority community. Muslim leaders also continued to criticize the lack of Muslim cemeteries outside of Thrace, stating this obliged Muslims to transport their dead to Thrace for Islamic burials. They also continued to state that municipal cemetery regulations requiring exhumation of bodies after three years because of shortage of space contravened Islamic religious law. Several MPs supported the Muslim leaders’ complaints. On May 19, 34 MPs from the ruling political party SYRIZA submitted a question in the parliament asking about the delayed implementation of a 2016 decision by the Holy Synod of the Greek Orthodox Church, which had been made at the request of the government, to grant 20,000 square meters (215,000 square feet) inside an existing cemetery at Schisto, in greater Athens, for the burial of Muslims. The MPs also inquired about the status of a similar government proposal to the Holy Synod for the granting of land inside the cemetery of Evosmos, in Thessaloniki. At least three sites continued to be used unofficially on an ad hoc basis for the burial of Muslim migrant and asylum seekers on Lesvos Island, in Schisto, and near the land border with Turkey in Evros.At year’s end, there were still no crematories in the country. In 2016, three municipalities – Athens, Thessaloniki, and Patras – had initiated the process to establish crematories by searching for suitable land and seeking approval of the necessary municipal committees. The cities of Athens and Patras reportedly had identified suitable plots of land. The latter had also requested the issuance of a presidential decree pre-certifying the land transfer as constitutional in an effort to deter potential legal complaints.The Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs continued to have three Islamic experts assigned to offer religious services in camps hosting Muslim refugees and migrants in the region of central and eastern Macedonia. The three included an imam from Xanthi, the director of one of the two Islamic religious schools in Thrace, and a scholastic expert in Islamic law and studies. Government authorities again issued directives to managers of reception facilities hosting migrants and refugees, instructing them to alter food distribution times and the type of food served to allow Muslims to observe the Ramadan fast.A law passed by parliament on May 30 provided for the establishment of an “administrative committee for the Athens Islamic Mosque” as a nonprofit legal entity under private law, supervised by the minister of education, research and religions. Media and government sources reported progress on the construction of an official mosque in Athens, originally expected to be completed in August, but the mosque was not operational at year’s end. GD held protests against the mosque in January and throughout the year. MP Ilias Panagiotaros said at the January rally that GD would step up protests, and that “this mosque will not have a good end.”Deputy Foreign Minister Amanatidis issued a statement on May 25 supporting the opening of the Athens mosque, commenting that such a measure would allow Greeks and other EU Muslims to perform their religious duties unhindered. He encouraged to vote in favor of the draft education bill with provisions for the operation of the mosque, which he said would enhance the country’s international image with respect to human rights. Passed on May 25, the law provided for the establishment of a seven-member administrative committee for the Athens Mosque as a nonprofit legal entity under private law, to be supervised by the minister of education, research, and religions and to include at least two Muslim community representatives. Committee members were officially named on August 21 and began their work soon after. The administrative committee was tasked with selecting the imams who will preach at the mosque, de-conflicting requests from various communities to use the space, and overseeing the general administration of the property.On September 8, the Migration Ministry transferred 82 Yazidi Kurds from the Yiannitsa Migrant Center to an all-Yazidi migrant camp located at a former agricultural training facility in Serres. Yazidis at Yiannitsa had stated Syrian Sunni Arabs were harassing them because of the Yazidis’ religious beliefs. According to the NGO The Liberation of Christian and Yazidi Children, as of September 7, there were 2,535 Yazidis migrants in the country, with the majority living in an open air camp at the base of Mount Olympus.On April 3, the Ministries of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs; Environment and Energy; and Culture and Sports issued a joint circular codifying the process for construction, expansion, repair, and demolition of existing or new mosques in Thrace. The government stated this codification was necessary to provide an accessible, transparent, unified, and coherent framework. Some religious groups, including Muslims, reiterated complaints from previous years that the house of prayer permit process – for example, requirements that buildings used for prayer have fire exits – constrained freedom of religion by making it difficult to find a suitable location.Central and local government authorities continued to provide public space free of charge to groups of Muslims whose members requested places of worship during Ramadan and for other religious occasions.On June 27, following discussions between the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs and the Greek Orthodox Church, the Standing Holy Synod of the Church of Greece approved guidelines provided by the ministry in 2016 on religious instruction. According to the guidelines, religious education should not be based solely on the official textbook, which primarily covers Greek Orthodox doctrine. The government stated students needed to become more familiar with other religions present in the country and the world. Some Greek Orthodox Church leaders had objected to the new guidelines, stating the government was disrespectful to the constitution and to the faith of the majority of the country’s citizens.The government continued to provide funding to the Muslim minority in Thrace to select and pay salaries of teachers of Islam in state schools and the salaries of the three official muftis and some imams, in accordance with Greece’s obligations under the Lausanne Treaty. It also continued to fund Catholic religious training and teachers’ salaries in state schools on the islands of Syros and Tinos, as well as to fund awareness raising activities and trips for non-Jewish students to Holocaust remembrance events, and for Holocaust education training for teachers.Some leaders of the recognized Muslim minority continued to press for fully bilingual kindergartens in Thrace, modeled after the already operating bilingual primary schools. Government authorities historically asserted that Greek-language kindergartens helped students to better integrate into the larger society, and that kindergarten classes are not mentioned in the Lausanne Treaty. In response to the Muslim community’s concerns, the Institute for Educational Policy, an agency supervised by the minister for education, research, and religious affairs, announced in March a plan to fund, under a pilot project, assistant teachers in kindergarten classrooms fluent in the child’s native language to facilitate the children’s integration into school life. This program had not yet begun at year’s end.Some religious groups and human rights organizations continued to state the discrepancy between the length of mandatory alternate service for conscientious objectors (15 months) and for those serving in the military (nine months) was discriminatory. Jehovah’s Witnesses reported that in several instances, government committees, tasked with examining requests for exemption from military service as conscientious objectors on religious grounds, denied requests for unbaptized members of their community. The committees, consisting of two army officials, one psychologist, and two academics, decided that unbaptized individuals, despite studying the Bible and attending sessions jointly with Jehovah’s Witnesses, “are not yet ready to fully embrace their teachings.” The committees ordered the immediate conscription of those individuals into the armed forces and did not allow the applicants to defend their cases in person to the committee.The Union of Atheists filed a complaint on August 1 with the Data Protection Authority and the ombudsman objecting to the listing of students’ religion on school transcripts; the inclusion of religion in the administrative school databases and university records; and the need for parents to officially declare and justify their request to have their children exempted from religion classes. The union argued that religious and philosophical beliefs constitute sensitive personal data and should not be recorded.GD MPs, as well as the GD official website and weekly newspaper, continued making references to conspiracy theories portraying Jewish individuals as those with the most decision-making and economic power. On October 5, GD MP Elias Panagiotaros stated during an interview on the web-based television channel “Eleftheri Ora” that nonperforming business and household loans in the country would be administered by a company headed by the President of the Jewish Community in Athens, whom he incorrectly categorized as the President of the Central Board of Jewish Communities in Greece (KIS). Panagiotaros also said the company was successful because of the Jewish community’s connections to the minister of finance.There continued to be numerous instances of anti-Semitism online. In May the European Jewish Pressestimated there were at least 48 active anti-Semitic blogs in the country and called GD, which had issued more than 30 cases of anti-Semitic speeches and multiple anti-Semitic articles, “one of the most dangerous neo-Nazi parties in Europe.”On July 18, the secretaries general for human rights and for religious affairs each independently referred the case of an excommunicated Old Calendarist monk, Father Kleomenis, to the public prosecutor, the racist crimes department of the police, and the cybercrime police department for investigation. The monk had posted a video on July 17 on social media showing him in front of the Jewish Martyrs Holocaust Monument in Larissa, cursing the Jews, denying the Holocaust, spitting, kicking, and throwing eggs at the monument, and calling for its destruction. The Holy Synod of the Greek Orthodox Church and the local Metropolitans of Larisa and Tyrnavos issued statements disassociating themselves from Kleomenis and condemning his actions. The Municipality of Larissa also issued a statement denouncing the attack. On July 19, the prosecutor in Larissa filed charges against Kleomenis and three more individuals for vandalizing the Holocaust memorial and for violating the law against racism.On May 2, GHM announced it had filed a lawsuit against Greek Orthodox Metropolitan Bishop Seraphim of Piraeus on hate speech grounds. GHM’s lawsuit also referred to legislation about “aggravating” conditions when a “state official” commits a hate speech offense. The lawsuit was in response to a statement Seraphim publicized on the official website of the Archdiocese of Piraeus on April 28, in which he complained he had been selected by the Holy Synod of the Church of Greece to light the holy light of Easter at the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem, but that he was replaced because Israel declared him as persona non grata. In the statement, he quoted the Protocols of the Elders of Zion and referred to Freemasonry and other organizations as “the arms used by Zionism to secure infiltration and state manipulation.” He accused Israel of interfering with the Church’s issues. The KIS denounced Seraphim’s statement.On January 26, the minister of education, research, and religious affairs, the president of the Jewish Museum of Greece, and the president of Yad Vashdem cosigned a memorandum of understanding regarding the implementation of programs on the teaching of Holocaust. One program entailed a July 9-12 seminar for 39 public high school teachers. The seminar was organized by the Olga Lengyel Institute for Holocaust Studies and Human Rights in cooperation with the Jewish Museum of Greece, under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs.On January 27, the minister for education, research, and religious affairs unveiled in a school in Athens an honorary plaque in memory of the Greek Jewish children killed in concentration camps during World War II. During the German occupation, German troops had ordered the school’s closure, and the pupils, along with their parents, had been arrested and sent to concentration camps in central Europe. Also on January 27, the Department for Preschool Education of the University of Thessaly, the local Jewish community, and the Piraeus Bank Foundation organized an event entitled “Approaching the Holocaust in the School and in the Museum.”The head of the central board of Jewish communities, David Saltiel, welcomed the amendment passed in March allowing all descendants of deceased Greek Jews, mostly Holocaust survivors, to apply for citizenship as “a moral victory” and a “fresh step forward in the recognition of the history of the Holocaust and of Greek Jews.” The GD, the fourth largest party in the parliament, voted against the legislation.On January 21, opposition MP Adonis Georgiadis posted on social media the following announcement: “In the past I’ve coexisted with and tolerated the views of people who showed disrespect to Jewish co-patriots, and for this reason I feel the need to apologize to the Jewish Community. I feel even sorrier for supporting and promoting the book of Kostas Plevris, which is insulting for the Jews. The Holocaust of the Jewish people constitutes the greatest disgrace of our contemporary culture and its sacrifice strengthened democracy, anti-racism, and the belief in the equality and freedom of nations.”The Secretariat General for Religious Affairs funded in May an annual commemorative trip to Auschwitz for 82 high school students and 10 teachers from schools throughout the country. The students took part in a contest organized by the Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs, which involved producing a video on “The Kid and the Holocaust.” Participating schools were from the Athens, Thessaloniki, Chania, Arcadia, Aetoloakarnakia, and Evrytania regions.On March 22, the minister for education, research, and religious affairs issued a statement expressing his sorrow for the damages caused to a mosque of historic significance in Thrace from a fire. The minister committed to take steps for the prompt investigation of the fire’s causes and to restore the mosque. Although no official report was made public, firefighters on the scene told local press that electric welding during restoration likely caused the fire.The Inter-Orthodox Center of the Greek Orthodox Church organized a training program under the auspices of the Ministry of Education and funded by the German government entitled, “Getting to know and teaching Judaism through the coexistence of Christians and Jews in Greece.”On September 8, in the garden of a former middle school in Thessaloniki and the location of the cultural foundation of the National Bank of Greece, a metal commemorative plate was placed in memory of 40 Jewish students sent to concentration camps in 1943.On September 27, the Aristotle University Law School, the Aristotle University School of Theology, and the Religious Studies Institute of the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople organized a conference on “Church and the Constitution: The issue of Constitutional Reform.” Participants discussed Greek Orthodox Church relations with the state, including whether constitutional reform should encompass continued reference to Orthodox Christianity as the official and dominant religion; whether the state should be involved with administrative matters of the Greek Orthodox Church; whether state officials should appoint priests or determine their number; and whether the Church should be involved with civil issues it opposes, such as the cremation of the dead.From October 19-21, the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, in cooperation with the Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs, the Jewish community in Thessaloniki, the Holocaust Memorial of the Jews in Skopje, and the Memorial de la Shoah in Paris, organized a training seminar on Holocaust education. The seminar, entitled “The Holocaust as a Starting Point: Comparing and Sharing” involved 40 teachers.On October 29 and 30, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs organized for the second time an international summit on the protection of religious communities and civilizations in the Middle East, hosted by the minister of foreign affairs, with the participation of the Archbishop of Athens and all Greece, several Greek Orthodox metropolitans, representatives of Jewish, Catholic, Protestant communities from abroad, and two Muslim muftis from Thrace.


Section III. Status of Societal Respect for Religious Freedom

Summary paragraph: Incidents of anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim discrimination and hate speech, including against immigrants, continued. The Racist Violence Recording Network and the GHM reported several incidents of vandalism against religious property, including Holocaust memorials and a Greek Orthodox church. Jehovah’s Witnesses reported instances of societal discrimination when preaching or while distributing and displaying information and religious material in public. On October 23, hundreds of demonstrators, including members of parents and ecclesiastical associations, theologians, and clergy, nuns, and monks, gathered outside the Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs to protest against the reforms to the government-mandated religious course. The protestors objected to five new chapters referring to Judaism and Islam.

Police statistics for 2016, the most recent year available, showed 84 potentially racially motivated incidents, 24 of which were believed to be linked to the victim’s religion. On September 28, the Ministry of Education published a report on acts against religious sites in 2016. According to the report, there were 209 incidents against Christian sites including vandalism, robberies, and arson attacks. The previous year the ministry recorded 147 such incidents. All targeted Greek Orthodox churches and cemeteries, except one incident against a Catholic site.

The report also recorded five incidents of vandalism against Jewish sites and one against a Muslim site.

The linking of “international Zionism” with alleged plans for the “country’s Islamization,” that was related to the ongoing construction of an official mosque in Athens, continued on ultranationalist blogs. During a May 21 protest, a group of Old Calendarist Orthodox followers, opposing the building of the mosque, chanted anti-Islamic and anti-Semitic slogans such as, “Islam out” and “Resist the plans of Jewish Zionists who want you servants in the world empire of the anti-Christ.”

On May 3, the Heinrich Boell Foundation, in cooperation with the Seat for Jewish Studies at the Aristotle University in Thessaloniki, presented a study on anti-Semitism in Greece. The study showed that despite the small percentage of Jews in the country (approximately 0.05 percent) vandalism recorded against Jewish monuments and sites was proportionally higher than vandalism directed at other religious groups. The study found more than six out of 10 Greeks held anti-Semitic attitudes. Sixty-five percent of respondents in the study’s questionnaire “agreed” or “absolutely agreed” with the statements “Jews have been using the Holocaust to receive better treatment from the international decision-making centers” and “Israel treats Palestinians exactly like Nazis did the Jews.” When asked whether “Jews enjoy much greater power in the world of business,” more than 92 percent of respondents “agreed” or “absolutely agreed.” According to the findings, 64.3 percent of those surveyed believed that the proposed Holocaust Museum in Thessaloniki should be built by private funding, while 72.1 percent of respondents believed a Pontian (Greek-Russian) refugee museum should be built with government funding. The survey also indicated a large percentage of individuals were indifferent to the concept of a Holocaust museum and 11.3 percent opposed the idea altogether. The mayor of Thessaloniki said he was concerned about how to ensure future operating costs, given societal indifference to and rejection of the project.

Some metropolitan bishops of the Greek Orthodox Church made anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim statements and statements against Jehovah’s Witnesses in public letters and on social media, while others said Catholicism was heresy. On June 15, in a letter addressed to Metropolitan of Argolida, the Metropolitan of Gortynia in the Peloponnese stated Orthodox followers believed that Catholicism and ecumenism were heresies and that Christians should stay away from Jehovah’s Witnesses.

The KIS continued to voice concerns about anti-Semitic comments by some journalists in the media and some Greek Orthodox Church leaders. The KIS also reiterated its concerns that political cartoons and images in the media mocked political controversies through the use of Jewish sacred symbols and comparisons to the Holocaust or through drawing parallels among “Jews,” “Zionists,” and “Nazis,” equating the first with the latter. On May 16, the KIS denounced journalist and cartoonist Stathis (Stavropoulos) for his May 10 article published on the news site “enikos.gr.” The article, entitled “In Bloody Ink,” stated it is impossible to criticize Israel because doing so would be interpreted as anti-Semitism. The article included a cartoon depicting Israel killing free opinion.

On an Alpha television channel morning show on January 12, journalist Dimos Verykios stated, “Global finance is concentrated in three centers: they are actually dominating the planet. One center is the banks, the global banking system. Through this banking system, two main centers are ruling the game. One of these centers is the Jewish lobby, powerful, extremely powerful in America and elsewhere! In all big deals, one will meet a Jew! Or a Mason!”

Academics, activists, and journalists stated the Greek Orthodox Church continued to exercise significant social, political, and economic influence. Members of non-Orthodox religious groups reported incidents of societal discrimination, including being told by Orthodox followers that they were “heretics” or “not truly Greek.” Jehovah’s Witnesses reported incidents of societal discrimination while preaching or when distributing informational and religious material in Athens and in other cities. In five separate cases, the excommunicated Old Calendarist monk, Father Kleomenis, attacked and completely destroyed Jehovah’s Witnesses’ information carts. Kleomenis’ partners filmed the incidents for later posting on social media. The Jehovah’s Witnesses in response asked for police intervention. Charges were pending but no hearing had taken place by year’s end.

On March 30, the KIS reported vandalism of the Holocaust monument in Arta, western Greece, noting that the incident happened “only a few days after the remembrance events organized by the municipality of Arta for the deportation and extermination of the city’s Jews in the Nazi concentration camps.”

On June 27, an anarchist group called “Nuclear FAI-IRF” set fire to Saint Basil Church in central Athens. In its statement claiming responsibility, the group cited “the sexism that the Church perpetuates, the Church’s opposition to homosexuality, and the fact that Christianity treats bodily satisfaction and sexuality as non-sacred” as reasons for the attack. The group also stated it “deliberately targeted a profitable business, as the Church owns land and untaxed wealth which is hidden behind charities to supposedly promote its humanist profile.” On August 3, anarchists threw paint on the exterior walls of Saint Basil Church and broke the windows of the nearby Zoodochou Pigi Church. There was no government reaction to any of these incidents. The main opposition party, New Democracy, issued a statement accusing the government of treating anarchists in a lenient way.

On July 7, human rights activists reported on social media that unknown perpetrators had vandalized the Athens Holocaust monument by writing with a marker “Hi, my name is death!” On July 11, police reported the arrest of four male individuals for shattering the marble facade of the Holocaust monument in Kavala in the northern part of the country on March 30. By April 5, the city of Kavala had restored the monument. The city of Kavala, government officials, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and various political parties condemned the attack.

On September 15, the media reported on the application filed by a parent in Mytilene, Lesvos, requesting his child be exempted from the teaching of certain chapters of the restructured course of religious teaching in the official curriculum. The parent listed five chapters referring to Judaism and Islam, stating that the content “did not match his family’s religious beliefs” and objecting to the teaching of “prayers from other religious traditions” to his child. According to media, several parents in other schools also filed similar requests, and they returned the course’s new folder and book to the Ministry of Education, Research and Religious Affairs as “unacceptable.” On October 23, hundreds of demonstrators, including members of parents and ecclesiastical associations, theologians, clergymen, nuns and monks, gathered outside the headquarters of the Ministry of Education, Research, and Religions to protest against the new way the religious course was taught, arguing it was unconstitutional, anti-Orthodox, and antipedagogical.

On September 24, vandals desecrated a large banner advertising a cultural event in Thessaloniki entitled “Sacred Places” and bearing the symbols of the Jewish star, Muslim crescent, and Christian cross. The banner was spray-painted with the slogan “Jews Out,” and the Jewish star was ripped in half. The perpetrator was not identified by year’s end.

On December 1, unknown vandals stripped the inscriptions from two of the panels on the Athens Holocaust memorial. The secretary general for religious affairs and the city of Athens “’strongly condemned the attack.”’ The city of Athens said it would contribute to the monument’s restoration.


Section IV. U.S. Government Policy and Engagement

The Ambassador, visiting officials, and embassy and consulate representatives met with officials and representatives from the Ministry of Education, Research, and Religious Affairs, including the minister of education and the secretary general for religious affairs. They discussed access for minority communities to establish houses of worship, and government initiatives that affect the Muslim minority in Thrace and immigrants. U.S. officials expressed concerns about anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim acts and rhetoric.

On September 7, the Consul General in Thessaloniki visited a new Yazidi Kurd migrant camp in Seres, in which the government segregated the Yazidis from other migrant groups for their protection.

Embassy officials met with religious leaders, including the archbishop and other representatives of the Greek Orthodox Church, as well as members of the Catholic, Muslim, Jewish, Bahai, Mormon, and Jehovah’s Witness communities to promote interfaith dialogue, religious tolerance, and diversity, as well as to express concern about anti-Semitic and anti-Muslim acts and rhetoric. Through these meetings, the embassy monitored the ability of religious minority groups to freely practice their religion and the extent of societal discrimination against both indigenous religious minorities and newly arrived migrants from religious minorities. The embassy sponsored two participants for a U.S. government exchange program on minority migrant integration and tolerance. The embassy also promoted religious tolerance via social media, using several platforms to promote the Ambassador’s remarks at the Conference on Religious Pluralism and Peaceful Coexistence in the Middle East, in which he emphasized tolerance, cultural and religious pluralism, and peaceful coexistence.

The Ambassador met with representatives from the Greek Orthodox Church, including Patriarch Bartholomew, Metropolitan Anthimos of Thessaloniki, Metropolitan Anthimos of Alexandroupolis, Metropolitan Iakovos of Lesvos, Metropolitan Markos of Chios, Metropolitan Dorotheos of Syros, and Deputy Metropolitan of Rhodes Ioannis. In all meetings with religious leaders and other members of the communities, the Ambassador discussed the role of the Greek Orthodox Church in responding to the needs of 49,000 asylum-seekers, mostly from Muslim-majority countries, remaining in Greece. The Ambassador also discussed with Greek Orthodox leaders the importance of religious tolerance and dialogue.

In March an embassy official met with Greek Orthodox and Catholic leaders on the island of Syros to emphasize the importance of interfaith dialogue and religious tolerance. On August 17, the Ambassador met separately with the local Orthodox Metropolitan and the former Roman Catholic Bishop in Syros, discussing the communities’ peaceful coexistence and mutual acceptance.

On July 10, the Ambassador delivered opening remarks on the Holocaust in Greece to 39 public school teachers at a seminar on teaching about the Holocaust. In his remarks he emphasized tolerance. The Ministry of Education, in cooperation with the Olga Lengyel Institute for Holocaust Studies, organized the seminar.

The Ambassador also met with representatives from the Athens and Thessaloniki Jewish communities, and the president and curator of the Jewish Museum in Athens, to discuss preserving Jewish history in Greece, combating anti-Semitism, and other concerns of the community. On January 27, the Ambassador laid a wreath at the Holocaust Monument in Athens in honor of the Day of Commemoration of the Greek-Jewish Martyrs and Heroes of the Holocaust.

The Thessaloniki Consul General participated in Holocaust Memorial ceremonies in Larissa, a wreath-laying in Hortiatis village, the National Day of Remembrance of the Greek Victims of the Holocaust in Thessaloniki, the Memorial Holocaust Walk in Thessaloniki, and a Holocaust Memorial event at the Thessaloniki Synagogue. On April 24, the Thessaloniki Consul General and her staff briefed members of the Jewish community and others about the killing by the Nazis of David Tiano, a Greek staff member of the consulate, and the need to never forget the Holocaust. She highlighted the new Human Rights and Holocaust Memorial Museum to break ground in 2018. In June the Thessaloniki Consul General attended a dinner to honor the longest living Thessalonikian Jew, Heinz Kounio, who survived the concentration camps.

In September the Thessaloniki Consul General attended a panel discussion at an exhibition which highlighted mixed religious communities that have coexisted throughout history. In her remarks, the Consul General highlighted the importance of societal respect of the freedom to worship.

On October 30, the Ambassador delivered introductory remarks for a video message from the special advisor for religious minorities in the Near East and South/Central Asia at the Second Athens International Conference on Religious and Cultural Pluralism and Peaceful Coexistence in the Middle East. In his introduction, the Ambassador highlighted the role religious freedom plays in combatting instability, human rights abuses, and religious extremism. The special advisor’s videotaped remarks further commented on the importance of protecting religious diversity.