The killing of Zak: the astonishing violence and impunity of Greek police

The killing of Zak: the astonishing violence and impunity of Greek police

Police were seen hitting him with a baton, kicking him, stepping on him, and finally handcuffing him – while he appeared motionless. He was pronounced dead on arrival.

Riot Police guarding Greek parliament during demonstrations Athens Greece, 2011. Wikicommons/Ggia. Some rights reserved.

On September 21, Zak Kostopoulos, or Zackie Oh!, a queer performer and activist, was brutally killed in downtown Athens. As seen in video footage that has been made public, Zak was beaten savagely by two men, in broad daylight, in full view of onlookers.[1]

He appeared to be trapped inside a jewellery store, trying to break the glass window, in order to get out. The two men were seen to break the window front, and then kick him repeatedly onto the broken glass, as he was bleeding on the ground. He was then briefly attended to by a paramedic, who arrived at the scene, before getting up and trying to flee in panic, wielding a shard of glass from the broken window as if to keep people away, finally falling onto the tables of a coffee shop.

Police were then seen hitting him with a baton, kicking him, stepping on him, and finally handcuffing him – while he appeared motionless.[2] He was then transported by ambulance to a central Athens hospital, where he was pronounced dead on arrival. He was then transported by ambulance to a central Athens hospital, where he was pronounced dead on arrival.

Initially, most media outlets reported on the incident as a jewellery store robbery gone wrong. Though precisely what happened is still unclear, both video footage and eyewitness testimony that have since been made public have cast serious doubts on the robbery scenario. The investigation by state prosecutors is on-going, and the two men who beat Zak now face charges of “bodily harm leading to death”. The prosecutor for Arios Pagos, the Supreme Court of Greece, issued an order that the investigation should include the possibility of discriminatory motives, based on the law that prohibits racist crimes.

What is, however, more clear than the precise circumstances that led to Zak’s beating is that the conduct of police officers at the scene raises a lot of questions. To the general consternation caused by the footage showing police officers kicking and stepping on an already injured, motionless man on the ground, the most resounding answer to date has been the statement by the Chairman of the Athens Police Union, Dimosthenis Pakos, who said that “this is standard practice, whether you like it or not”.[3]

Incomplete reform

The questions raised by the apparent conduct of police officers in the case of Zak’s death are, unfortunately, far from unprecedented. Although in the decades since the restitution of democracy in 1974, the Greek Police has been reformed, we might be  justified in thinking that this process is incomplete – in the sense of a lingering lack of accountability, which has created an impenetrable culture of impunity, and even what could be called an autonomy from social control.

A vast amount of evidence that we have been gathering from several sources (including public records, media reports, personal interviews, requests for information from the police, and reports by respected NGOs) indicates that abuses of police powers in Greece occur much more frequently than is tolerable in a democratic country.

These abuses include, first and foremost, a number of unlawful killings of civilians, most of which have not been adequately addressed by either internal disciplinary proceedings or the judicial system. They also include unprovoked and excessive use of violence; ill-treatment and torture of detainees; inadequate or deficient actions at crime scenes, including the mishandling of evidence; and refusal to display police identification either when operating (for example, concealing or not wearing the identifying number on a riot-policeman’s uniform), or when so requested.

What makes the frequency and gravity of abuses even more concerning is that very few cases among the ones reported result in the police being held in some way accountable. This remains so even when the persons claiming that they have been abused have a relatively high public profile, such as journalists, or there is a great number of available witnesses (such as during a demonstration), or there is indisputable visual evidence of the incident (such as photographs or video footage).

Amnesty International has documented allegations of abuse of police powers, including ill-treatment, violence and torture, such as beatings, falanga (beating or whipping the soles of the feet), rape with a truncheon, and use of an electric shock device. This documentation is included in reports that were shared with the Greek authorities and governments.[4]

Amnesty International research

We spoke with Gavriil Sakellaridis, who heads the Greek Section of the international organisation, and asked for his view of the situation. “Amnesty International in Greece,” Sakellaridis told us, “has been systematically researching the issue of arbitrary and excessive use of force or ill-treatment by law enforcement officials. We have published three reports in the recent past, the last of which was in 2014, as well as numerous statements. Reported serious incidents, particularly against refugees and migrants, continued this year, including many allegations of ill-treatment of refugees and migrants by the coastguard in the port of Patras and the continuing practice of push-backs in Evros river. These reported incidents illustrate that the culture of impunity persists.”

“Another recent incident,” Sakellaridis went on “where audio visual material shows police misuse of force is the case of LGBTI activist Zak Kostopoulos, who died after being violently attacked by a crowd of people, after being perceived as a thief of a jewellery shop. Published testimonies of eye-witnesses in the Greek media support further the audio-visual material. Amnesty International’s research shows that systemic failings leading to impunity for law enforcement officials committing human rights violations persist. These include: the failure by the police or judicial authorities to conduct prompt, thorough, effective and impartial investigations and to bring perpetrators to justice; and the failure to guarantee the right to an effective remedy. The lack of accountability is one of the major factors that lead to the on-going human rights violations by law enforcement officials”.

Licence to kill?

The impression of less than satisfactory processes to ensure police accountability is justified if one considers even the most serious offences committed by officers. To cite only some of the most widely publicised unlawful killings by the Hellenic Police – and, therefore, ones where it would be reasonable to expect public pressure to result in justice being served:

–   in November 1980 twenty-one-year-old worker Stamatina Kanelopoulou and twenty-six-year-old law student Iakovos Koumis were beaten to death by riot police, during the march commemorating the 1973 Polytechnic uprising against the junta;

–  in November 1985, fifteen-year-old student Michalis Kaltezas was shot in the back and killed by a police officer, again after the Polytechnic commemoration march;

–  in January 1991, twenty-five-year-old Turkish refugee Suleiman Akar died from what the coroner determined were severe injuries resulting from beatings, after being detained by the police for eight days on suspicion of peddling drugs;

–  in October 1998, seventeen-year-old Serbian student Marko Bulatovic, while on a school trip to Greece, was shot at close range and killed by a police officer, after he was mistakenly identified as a pick-pocket;

–  in December 2003, twenty-two-year-old amateur footballer Iraklis Marangakis was shot in the head and killed by a police officer, after he failed to stop at a police check-point while driving;

–  in December 2008, fifteen-year-old student Alexandros Grigoropoulos was shot and killed by a police officer, while on an evening out with his friends.

The officers who beat Kanellopoulou and Koumis to death were never identified. Athanasios Melistas, the officer who killed Kaltezas, was tried and sentenced to two and a half years imprisonment; the sentence was suspended, then the conviction was overturned on appeal. The officers responsible for Akar’s death were cleared of wrongdoing in an internal hearing and were not prosecuted. Kyriakos Vandoulis, the officer who killed Bulatovic, was tried and sentenced to twenty-seven months imprisonment; the sentence was suspended. Yiorgos Dimitrakakis, the officer who killed Marangakis, was tried and sentenced to life imprisonment, but on appeal his sentence was commuted to five and a half years.

The only case to date in which an officer charged with the murder of a civilian was punished to the full extent of the law has been that of Epaminondas Korkoneas, murderer of Grigoropoulos, who was sentenced to life imprisonment. The case, however, is currently being heard by the Court of Appeals, and it would perhaps be important to remember that the murder of the fifteen-year-old student was followed by massive social unrest and riots, in which Athens burned for weeks.

No evidence discovered

If convictions are infrequent and sentences lenient where there are grave charges, such as murder, then for lesser – though still very serious – cases of alleged violence, the possibility of the police being held accountable is even more doubtful.

In June 2011, journalist Manolis Kypreos was reporting on a demonstration against austerity measures introduced by the government. According to his own account, when he observed riot police launching tear-gas and attacking with batons against peaceful protesters, he protested to the commander of a riot-police platoon. The officer dismissed him. Moments later, a flash-bang grenade landed at his feet. He suffered permanent loss of his hearing, and has since been suffering from vertigo and related disabilities affecting his sense of orientation and balance.

In April 2012, Marios Lolos, a photojournalist and chairman of the Greek Union of Photojournalists at the time, suffered a skull fracture from, according to his and several bystanders’ accounts, a police baton. He was hospitalised and underwent emergency surgery. Those present also alleged that the officer who struck Lolos had turned his baton upside down, so as to strike with the handle, thus inflicting more damage. This practice has also been reported in other cases of alleged police violence.

In November 2014, Dimitris Liakos, a photojournalist, was covering a demonstration at the Athens Polytechnic, which involved clashes between students and riot police. According to his account, while he was photographing police beating students who were already face-down on the ground and handcuffed, he was himself hit on the head with a baton.

These high-profile cases involving journalists were widely publicised. They were protested by press unions and human rights groups. Internal disciplinary inquests were called for. But as time passed and the news-cycle shifted, nothing was heard about them. We requested information from the Hellenic Police on the findings of the inquests, and in each of the three cases got an identical answer: “The case was archived, as no evidence was discovered to establish the commission of a disciplinary offence by a police officer.”

So, unfortunately, it is perhaps unsurprising that we got the exact same answer from the police regarding cases that involved not journalists covering protests, but demonstrators themselves, such as Yiannis Kafkas. In May 2011, a peaceful demonstration was broken up by riot police in what the demonstrators have described as an unprovoked attack with tear-gas and police batons. Kafkas, a post-graduate student, was beaten on his body and his head. He and eyewitnesses have reported that he was hit on the head with a portable fire-extinguisher. His head injury was so severe that he fell into a coma.

Having undergone emergency surgery, he spent ten days in intensive care and another ten in the neurosurgery clinic. A hospital doctor who operated on Kafkas described his situation when he was brought in as “close to death”. Again, “the case was archived” by the police. Again, “the case was archived” by the police.

Trial and error

Of course, cases of police violence do reach the courts. But even when judges in principle accept the fact that violence has been perpetrated, in the face of overwhelming evidence in the form of photographs or video footage recording the incidents, they seem reluctant to convict or to pass sentences that might serve as any kind of deterrent.

A most striking example is the case of photojournalist Tatiana Bolari, who was punched squarely in the face by an officer of the riot police, as she was covering a demonstration in October 2011. The police were pushing the photojournalists back with their shields. When Bolari complained that they could not do their job, she was punched. Her head violently swinging back from the force of the blow, with the policeman’s hand suspended in mid air, was captured on camera by other photographers.[5] Still, the policeman was given an eight-month suspended sentence, which was reduced to three on appeal. He was acquitted of the charge of breach of duty.

In May 2008, Nikos Sakellion, a twenty-four-year-old expatriate Greek from Russia, who was in Athens on holiday, died while four police officers were attempting to arrest him. The officers maintained that he suddenly collapsed and they called an ambulance. During the autopsy, at the morgue, a bag of heroin was found in the dead man’s throat.

Dissatisfied with the police’s account of the incident, Sakellion’s father plastered posters around the area where he died, requesting information from anyone that might have witnessed the incident. An eyewitness came forward, who claimed to have seen everything from his window. He recounted that the officers beat the man violently, after having handcuffed him, mainly on the back of his head. He even filmed part of the incident with his mobile phone.

Despite eyewitness testimony being heard in court, all officers involved were acquitted. The doctor who performed an emergency tracheostomy in the ambulance testified that there was no “bag of heroin” in the victim’s throat.

On December 6, 2009, during the march commemorating the first anniversary of the murder of Alexis Grigoropoulos, a policeman from DELTA Team, a motorised police unit that has since been disbanded, was captured on video driving into the crowd.[6] Sixty-one-year old Aggeliki Koutsoumbou, a mathematics teacher and political activist, was seriously injured. She had to be hospitalised for skull, ribs and collarbone fractures, and has experienced recurring hearing and balance problems from the beating that followed. According to those present, when they tried to help her, they were also attacked and beaten by police. A doctor suffered permanent damage to his arm from the beatings, while he was trying to give her first aid. In March 2012, the state prosecutor dismissed Koutsoumbou’s lawsuit against the police. The policeman in question was tried for involuntary bodily harm, the court essentially accepting the police’s account that this was a “traffic accident”. He was given a twelve-month suspended sentence.

In June 2011, the police attacked the huge anti-austerity demonstrations that were taking place in front of the Greek Parliament, launching thousands of tear-gas canisters onto the crowds, and even inside the Syntagma metro station, where demonstrators had been trying to find refuge, as well as on the improvised infirmary, where volunteer doctors were giving first aid to the injured. We, the authors of this article, were present during the attack, as we were tasked with covering the demonstration at the time, so apart from numerous eye-witness accounts that have since been published, we can also personally attest to the brutality with which police beat demonstrators, even chasing them into apartment buildings and the streets of nearby Plaka. We left when it became absolutely impossible to breathe, and to this day we consider ourselves very lucky to have escaped unharmed.

For the incidents of June 2011, there were several different lawsuits filed against the police by members of the public, and also one filed by Alexis Tsipras, who was not Prime Minister at the time, but still the leader of a small party. The lawsuits were considered together, in light of a great volume of evidence, including photographs, video footage, and testimony from those injured in the attack. Eighteen police officers were finally brought to trial last summer. They were all acquitted.

Leniency escalating abuse

It would not be unreasonable to suppose that a failure to impose penalties that serve as a deterrent, not only exacerbates the climate of apathy towards excessive and unprovoked police violence, but also may allow a specific officer to continue to abuse citizens, having got away with illegal violence before. And facts do prove that such a supposition is justified.

Police using tear gas on protesters against US-led airstrikes in Syria, April,2018. Eurokinissi/Press Association. All rights reserved.

In December 2001, during a routine vehicle check, police officers severely beat up at least two persons. According to the account of one of the victims, Panayiotis Galotskin, whose case was eventually vindicated by the European Court of Human Rights,[7] the police suddenly turned on an acquaintance of his, a passer-by, who had simply wanted to know what all the fuss was about, and began to punch him and kick him.[8] They then burst into a nearby cafeteria, where Galotskin had meanwhile been visiting the toilet, and beat him up with a pool cue. He was subsequently hospitalised.

Galotskin was charged with attacking the officers and freeing a prisoner (his acquaintance). He was acquitted in court, but despite that fact, the officers involved never faced any consequences for their actions: they were cleared in the internal inquest, and they were acquitted in the lawsuit Galotskin filed against them.

Five years later, on November 17, 2006, after another march in memory of the Polytechnic uprising had finished and everything was quiet, Cypriot college student Avgoustinos Dimitriou was walking in Thessaloniki. Dimitriou was totally unrelated to the earlier march and was just taking a stroll. He was suddenly attacked by police officers in plain clothes who began to savagely beat him with their fists. Not knowing that the men attacking him were police, he called to uniformed officers who were standing a little further away for help. Instead of helping him, they handcuffed him, and the beating continued. The violence was prolonged and extreme, and, as it later turned out, took place under the eyes of the Director of Police in Thessaloniki, who did not stop it. The violence was prolonged and extreme, and, as it later turned out, took place under the eyes of the Director of Police in Thessaloniki, who did not stop it.

Despite the incident being captured on video,[9] leaving no doubt about the circumstances of the attack, the police officially insisted that the student had injured himself by tripping and falling into a planter box.

Dimitriou was hospitalised for eleven days and has since stated that he has been facing serious psychological problems as a result of the attack. A civil court later found in favour of Dimitriou and awarded him a 300,000 euro compensation.

Eight officers were brought to trial. One of them had also been a participant in the beating of Galotskin, five years earlier, for which he had been cleared. Despite this indication of systematic abuse, the court was lenient for yet another time. Six officers were acquitted on appeal, and two were given prison sentences of two and a half years. The court suspended the sentences.

An antifascist motorcade, “State Security” and bodily harm

The Greek Police have often been accused of racially motivated ill-treatment. Such accusations have, on occasion, crossed the country’s borders.

In May 2012, Indian university professor Shailendra Kumar Rai, who had been invited to lecture at Athens University of Economics and Business, was arrested during a police crackdown on illegal street vendors, who are mostly immigrants.

In July 2012, an American tourist, Christian Ukwuorji was detained during a police anti-immigrant “sweep operation”, and claimed to have been beaten until he lost consciousness. After that incident, the State Department published a travel warning that Americans could face discrimination by the Greek Police.

In January 2013, Korean tourist Hyun Young Jung was also detained in a “sweep operation” and maintained he was beaten both during his arrest and at the police station. Commenting for a BBC report and apparently confident that he was not saying anything problematic, a police representative at the time stated that anyone who looks foreign can be stopped.[10] A police representative at the time stated that anyone who looks foreign can be stopped.

Unfortunately, such xenophobic or racist motivations are not accidental. On the contrary, they appear to be connected to sympathies for far-right ideologies that run much deeper in the Greek Police.

On September 30, 2012, an antifascist motorcade demonstration was organised to protest the repeated racist violence against immigrants, perpetrated by fascist gangs, members or affiliates of Golden Dawn, the notorious neo-Nazi party that had just gained entry to the Greek Parliament. The leadership as well as numerous members of Golden Dawn are currently on trial, charged with constituting a “criminal organization”. The latest such incident at the time was a violent attack on the premises of the Tanzanian Community in Athens, six days earlier. A press release by the Hellenic Union for Human Rights, and other anti-racism watchdogs, described the attackers as “a group of about eighty Golden Dawn members”.[11]

According to the protesters, motorised police were following them and harassing them all along. After an altercation between the protesters and a small group of passers-by that included Golden Dawn members, the police suddenly attacked the motorcade, using flash-bang grenades and tear gas. They arrested fifteen of the demonstrators, and beat them with batons while handcuffed. A protester stated that police officers were stepping on his chest, causing him serious difficulty to breathe. Another said he was hit with a taser in his spine.

The fifteen detainees, according to their allegations, were then transported to the Attica General Police Directorate and were told to stay in a corridor outside the offices of the Directorate informally known as “State Security”. Formally the Directorate for Regime Protection, “State Security” is responsible for various surveillance operations and usually collaborates closely with the Antiterrorist Division.

They were to remain there until they gave a statement to the police, without being allowed access to a lawyer. Officers of the police unit that made the arrests were also to give statements, and they were allowed to stay in the same space. According to accounts, the “State Security” officers, who were at that point responsible for handling the detainees, then withdrew to their offices, and only emerged occasionally to tell everyone to “keep it down”.

The protesters maintain that while at the Police Headquarters they were beaten again. They claim that members of the arresting police unit, as well as a few others from the Police Special Forces that wondered in, then proceeded to put cigarettes out on them, shine flashlights and laser pointers in their eyes, spit on them, slap them, strip search them in plain view, all the while humiliating them and threatening them that they were going to kill their families. They were all denied water, and the only way to drink some was when they were allowed, after much taunting, to use the toilet. They were also denied sleep all through the night. They did not see a lawyer until the following day, almost twenty hours after their arrest.

Pictures of the detainees after their release on bail confirmed the presence of serious injuries, including a mark from a taser. The accusations against the police were widely publicised when The Guardian published a report.[12] The Minister of Public Order at the time, Nikos Dendias, denied the allegations in a speech in Parliament, and threatened the Guardian with a lawsuit, which he never filed. Forensic reports subsequently confirmed the injuries.

After a lawsuit filed by the fifteen, the Internal Affairs Division investigated the allegations, and some of the officers were positively identified. The public prosecutor decided to charge the officers with a misdemeanour charge of bodily harm. Only one officer is charged with torture, again as a misdemeanour and not a felony. The officers of “State Security” that had the detainees in custody were not charged with a crime. The lawyers of the fifteen argue that the “State Security” officers were the designated custodians and should have been charged with failing to protect the detainees.

We again requested information from the police on the findings of the internal disciplinary inquest – this time regarding the torture allegations. They replied: “After the sworn administrative review was concluded, it was tried by the General Police Director of Attica, and was by his decision archived, as no responsibility by police officers was determined, without prejudice to the provisions of paragraph 1 of article 49 of Presidential Decree 120/2008, concerning the repetition of the disciplinary trial in the case that a verdict of conviction is issued in the penal trial”. To translate, the police say that they determined no officer was responsible, but they are aware that they are required by law to reopen disciplinary proceedings if the officers are found guilty in court.

“Six years on,” Marina Daliani, a lawyer representing some of the protesters, told us “they are still waiting for their lawsuit against their torturers to be tried by a court of first instance, while the police officers involved have already been cleared of any disciplinary responsibility for the incident. Meanwhile, the ECHR continues to censure Greece for its inefficient prevention of torture and the impunity of the perpetrators. Incidents of police violence and corruption are increasing, and nobody feels surprised any more when they are publicized”.

Both the trial of the police officers and the trial of the protesters are on-going, with the next court dates upcoming in November.

The group of people that was involved in the altercation with the antifascists that night was never arrested. Two persons from the group subsequently became witnesses against the protesters, claiming they were just ordinary citizens out on a stroll, when the “anarchists” attacked them. Their statements to the police were instrumental in the state prosecution against the fifteen protesters: the charges were upgraded to include attempted grievous bodily harm, a felony. Both “ordinary citizens” are today defendants in the on-going Golden Dawn “criminal organization” trial. Both were also convicted, in another case, for arson against a bar owned by immigrants in the Agios Panteleimonas area.

Some of the fifteen protesters have also claimed that during the time they spent under arrest at Police Headquarters, the officers who tortured them were bragging about being members of Golden Dawn, and photographed them with their mobile phones in order to put their pictures on the Internet – the implication being that their faces would then be known to Golden Dawn gangs.

A family affair

The issue of the ties between Greek Police and Golden Dawn has been hotly debated ever since the neo-Nazi party’s appeal started rising in 2010 – but has been investigated, albeit by very few people, for a lot longer.[13]

After a notorious Golden Dawn attack, in 1998, which left student Dimitris Kousouris – today a professor in Germany – in a coma due to grave head injuries, the main perpetrator, Antonis Androutsopoulos – who was later convicted of attempted murder – remained a fugitive for six years. Michalis Chrysochoidis, Minister of Public Order at the time, formed a special police task force in spring 1998 with the mission of capturing Androutsopoulos, who was then Golden Dawn’s deputy leader and went by the nickname “Periandros”. Nothing came of the special task force’s efforts, and the fugitive finally surrendered on his own.

In April 2004, Ta Nea newspaper published classified documents by the special police task force, where it was claimed that the investigation into Androutsopoulos’s whereabouts was “sabotaged from within”. The documents further revealed that some elements from within the police were supplying Golden Dawn with radios and batons during popular demonstrations, in order for them to strike against “leftists and anarchists”.[14]

Ties between the police and Golden Dawn were again up for public debate in 2008, when Golden Dawn members attacked an anti-racist demonstration, stabbing protesters, and then were seen to retreat behind the lines of riot police, who protected them.[15]

After video footage emerged that showed riot police providing shelter for far-right extremists, during a demonstration in 2011, by herding them into the grounds of the Greek Parliament,[16] even the vice-chairman of the Police Employees Union of Attica, Nikos Karadimas, had to admit that “it is true that in the Police Force there are many who sympathize with the far-right”. He went on to say: “In some units they may be up to 20%”.[17] Enquiring about the sheltering of far-right extremists on parliament grounds sometime later, we requested information from the police on the results of the internal disciplinary inquest. Unsurprisingly, we were told that, “the case was archived, as no evidence was discovered to establish the commission of a disciplinary offence by a police officer”.

Particularly during the years of the Greek crisis, as Golden Dawn was becoming a law unto itself in certain areas of Athens, the police’s willingness to investigate mounting racist attacks against immigrants was questioned on many occasions.[18] In a most characteristic incident, on the day after the Golden Dawn attack on the Tanzanian Community premises that we mentioned earlier, Yianna Kourtovic, a well-known lawyer, responded to an invitation by members of the community and went to the Aghios Pandeleimonas police station, where an investigation into the previous night’s attack had begun.

According to her account, members of Golden Dawn were also present. “Everyone, both the ones who were identified and the ones doing the identifying, were taken to the station,” Kourtovic stated at the time. “But when I arrived, I found the accusers on the bench where the accused normally sit, and the accused outside the station, laughing with the police officers. In the station, while I was not there, as soon as one immigrant had filed a lawsuit, they told him he was to be detained, and pressured him to withdraw the complaint and the identification”.[19] While all this was going on, members of Golden Dawn were freely roaming the offices of the police station. More of them gathered outside the station and started shouting and threatening. Platoons of riot police then arrived, but stood around chatting with the Golden Dawn members. As Ms Kourtovic tried to leave the police station, she was harassed in the presence of the police. While all this was going on, members of Golden Dawn were freely roaming the offices of the police station.

After the murder of Pavlos Fyssas by Golden Dawn member Dimitris Roupakias, in September 2013, an investigation was launched by the Internal Affairs Division into issues of “corruption”, covering the whole of the police force, and including racially motivated and discriminatory abuses of power. The investigation resulted, a month later, in fifteen arrests of officers, ten of which were determined to have had “direct or indirect” connections to Golden Dawn, and concluded that there are “no ‘nuclei’ or (non-transparent) ‘factions’ or extra-constitutional poles in the Hellenic Police, which as a whole is a pillar of the democratic order”.[20]

Protestors marking 4th anniversary of murder of Pavlos Fyssas by a supporter of Greek ultra-right Golden Dawn party clash with anti-riot police, September, 2017. Marios Lolos/Press Associaition. All rights reserved.

Lawyers representing the victims of Golden Dawn in the on-going “criminal organisation” trial had criticised the Internal Affairs investigation, calling it a “parody”. They pointed out that just by examining media reports, the officers that had “direct or indirect connections” to Golden Dawn (through, for example, being implicated in criminal investigations, or through the police’s own public announcements) were at least three times as many. In addition, they maintained, the investigation failed to examine the systemic ties between the police and Golden Dawn, as evidenced in the implication of officers in higher positions, such as commanders of police precincts.[21]

Thanassis Kampayiannis, one of the lawyers at the trial, who is representing Egyptian fishermen attacked by Golden Dawn, told us :

“the investigation of relations between Golden Dawn and Greek Police has turned into a cover-up. At a time when the immunity enjoyed by the members of this criminal organisation has been manifestly shown at the Golden Dawn trial, there are still no penal or disciplinary responsibilities for those who are to blame.

“ The findings of the Internal Affairs investigation during the ministry of Nikos Dendias was a parody. However, the approach taken by the new government, led by SYRIZA, was also an unpleasant surprise. Not only were ministers unwilling to touch the abscess of the ties between Golden Dawn and the police, but Minister Nikos Toskas reached the point of attacking his predecessor, Nikos Dendias, in a statement saying that there was a “hunt against the police” and a “huge mistake”. The continuity between the state, the fascist deep state and Golden Dawn is still, unfortunately, the rule.”

Photoshop skills

The question why Greek governments have not been doing more to address the problem of abuse of police powers and to increase police accountability is a pressing one. Ministers responsible for the police have through the years appeared more willing to absolve the police of any wrongdoing than to seriously investigate claims of brutality – as is evidenced by the following infamous incident:

On February 1, 2013, four people were arrested for a double armed robbery. During their attempt to escape, they took a hostage with them, but they released him unharmed when their getaway van was blocked.

On the next day, the police published their photographs on its website. The photographs were very obviously and crudely altered with some image editing software. After persistent questions by journalists and a veritable storm in social media, the police published the original photos, which showed the faces of those arrested full of blood, bruises and swelling.

Three of the four claimed, through their families and lawyers, that they had been tortured during their detention. Forensic reports confirmed the injuries, and the police conducted an internal investigation, which concluded that they had resulted from the struggle during the arrest. [22]

The four did not file lawsuits, citing ideological reasons – meaning their anarchist convictions. It was largely for those convictions that along with armed robbery and other charges, they were also charged with participating in a terrorist organisation.

When the Minister of Public Order at the time, Nikos Dendias, was asked during a TV interview why the pictures had been altered, he replied: “I asked about it, too, like you, like any reasonable person, why was this done? Why were the photographs published? So that there could be an identification, so that there could be information about hide-outs. Because if there was no photoshop, so that they could resemble the image that the average person has, then the job of publishing the photographs would not have been done.” [23]

The Minister’s reply could be interpreted as saying that the pictures were altered because the faces of those arrested were so disfigured from the beatings that they were not recognizable for identification purposes. Though he was not as adamant in his denials of wrongdoing by the police as he had been in the case of the antifascist motorcade the previous year, he did repeat the police’s contention that the injuries were sustained during the arrest. He also said that the four were heavily armed terrorists, and that if terrorism was not dealt with, then there was no hope for Greece’s economic recovery.

In the event, both the Minister’s premature verdict and the internal police inquiry were disproved during the trial. The four were not convicted of terrorism, with the public prosecutor himself saying that there was “no evidence” of participation in a terrorist group, and that “a crime with an ideological or political motive does not necessarily mean terrorist action”. [24] But he also asked the court to consider the conduct of the accused during their arrest as a mitigating factor, because “the hostage related the dialogue between the accused in the van, according to which they decided not to use their weapons in order not to endanger the life of the hostage, and despite having a tactical advantage, such as heavy weapons and a hostage, they did not use it. As to the charge of resisting arrest, it would be unreasonable to accept that the accused surrendered their option for armed attack while they had the advantage, but they decided to do so while they were being arrested.”

They were all acquitted of resisting arrest. Nevertheless, no inquiry was launched – neither was the disciplinary inquest reopened – into the causes of the injuries they suffered while in custody.

The responsible Ministry of Public Order and Citizen Protection has through the years demonstrated little interest in questioning the procedures through which the police seem to never find any evidence of wrongdoing among their peers. This remains true to a large extent today, even though SYRIZA had been very vocal about the issue while in opposition, with one notable exception: the creation of a new “mechanism” for investigating complaints, as part of the Ombudsman’s office, which is an independent authority for mitigation in differences between citizens and public administration.

The so-called “National Mechanism for the Investigation of Incidents of Abuse”, which was launched in 2016, allows the Ombudsman to intervene in internal disciplinary proceedings in various institutions, including the police. Effectively, the Ombudsman can halt the disciplinary proceedings until they conduct their own independent investigation into allegations of abuse. They have the power to request documents and hear testimony from involved persons, which they can use to produce an independent report. Upon submission of the Ombudsman’s report, the disciplinary inquest resumes and must take it into account without diverging from it, except by providing a “specifically justified reason”. The Ombudsman also has the power to request a reevaluation of findings in such proceedings, can make recommendations to ministers, and can forward its findings to state prosecutors when they determine that there is evidence of criminal activity. Finally, in cases where the European Court of Human Rights finds Greece in violation of its obligation to conduct effective investigations, the Ombudsman has the power to request that disciplinary inquests be reopened.

A portable transceiver

In the last fifteen years, the European Court of Human Rights has found against Greece in numerous cases concerning violations of article 2 (right to life) and 3 (prohibition of torture and degrading treatment) of the European Convention on Human Rights.

These are, obviously, only the cases where the people affected had both the determination and the resources to see a rather difficult process through, and also where the strict ECHR standards for admissibility could be met. Depending on whether one only includes torture as legally defined or also varying degrees of degrading treatment in the more general sense ­– including conditions of detention in police stations, refusal of access to medical attention, etc.—the number of these cases ranges between thirteen and over one hundred.

The most recent such case that was decided by the ECHR, in 2018, concerned two young men – one of them a minor at the time – who were arrested for traffic violations in 2002, in separate incidents. Once taken to a police station, they were beaten up. Then, a police officer produced a device for delivering electric shocks and tortured the detainees. During the administrative inquiry that followed, the officer’s superiors decided to archive the case with respect to the allegation of using an electric shock device, and found only that he carried and used during the performance of his duties a “portable transceiver” without the prior permission of the Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications. He was fined 100 euros. The officer was subsequently promoted, and left the service in 2010.

After a long series of delays and postponements, the officer was put on trial and convicted in 2011, receiving a sentence of six years imprisonment. On appeal, the sentence was reduced to five years and converted to a pecuniary penalty of five euros per day of sentence. Because the court took into consideration the officer’s financial difficulties, it decided that the amount could be paid in thirty-six instalments.

The ECHR found that the process followed by the Greek authorities failed to provide a deterrent for the officer or other agents of the state, so that they may not commit such acts in the future. It awarded 26.000 euros in moral damages to each of the two victims.[25]

The thirteen cases against Greece involving violations of articles 2 and 3, collectively known under the leading case title “Makaratzis v. Greece”,[26] were discussed in a meeting of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe, in September 2018.[27] The Committee has placed these cases under “enhanced supervision”, particularly with regard to the possibility of reopening disciplinary inquests under the new Ombudsman “mechanism”. The Ombudsman has requested the re-evaluation of one case, so far.

It is, however, crucial to note that although this new “mechanism” is an undoubtedly positive development, it is at best a means of applying pressure to relevant authorities, and not a definitive measure – which is perhaps why Gavriil Sakellaridis told us that “Amnesty International is deeply concerned that although some steps have been taken to address impunity, such as the creation of a police complaints mechanism, more needs to be done”.


To our question on how the Ombudsman’s findings would be binding or could be enforced on the police, the Press Office replied that they are “obliged to comply”. This does little to counteract the view that the Ombudsman’s powers amount, in the final analysis, to a capability of making recommendations, as it has no power to actually enforce its decisions. It is still down to relevant authorities – whether the police disciplinary mechanism or the state prosecutors and the courts – to heed the Ombudsman’s recommendations and mend their ways.

“Greece consciously avoids as far as it can punishing officers of its security forces who are implicated in torture and other forms of ill-treatment,” says Panayote Dimitras, head of Greek Helsinki Monitor, an NGO that has represented eight out of the thirteen cases in the ECHR “Makaratzis v. Greece” bundle. “Even when there are convictions by the ECHR,” he told us, “a proper execution of the decision does not take place. This would mean, at least, a review of the disciplinary and penal decisions that have led to impunity, even if such actions would not result in new sentences for the perpetrators, due to the statute of limitations. A review, nevertheless, that would quash decisions or parts of decisions that led to impunity, combined with an apology to the victims, would be a very significant step in rectifying injustice”.

It seems to us that the Ombudsman’s powers are not on their own sufficient for this task—nor for preventing or substantially limiting the continuation of police abuses in the future. The police, in a democracy, is subject to elected political authority, and it is ultimately that authority which is responsible for addressing the issue of police abuses and the apparent “culture of impunity”.

With that in mind, we requested an official statement from the current minister, Olga Gerovassili. Her response, which was emailed to us via the ministry Press office, included a pledge that the manner in which the police operated in the Zak Kostopoulos incident will be thoroughly investigated and the affair will be resolved, as well as a lengthy exposition on the culpability of “some” of the media for how the incident was reported, and other thoughts on the “fascisisation” of society.

When we replied that this statement did not address our question, which was about police impunity, we were told by the press office that the Minister’s schedule would not allow her to draft a new statement. We replied again that we were willing to wait, and indeed allowed ten days for the Minister to find the time to reply. To the last of several reminders that this is an issue of the utmost importance for the Ministry, the press office replied for a final time that the Minister would not have the time for further comment.

Justice for Zak?

“We will ask to speak with the Minister, Ms Gerovassili,” one of the lawyers for Zak’s family, Anny Paparroussou told us. Her intention is to communicate to the Minister not only her concern over the conduct of the police at the scene of Zak’s death, but also their less than satisfactory, in her view, performance in the on-going investigation.

Characteristically, once Zak had been taken away in the ambulance, the arresting officers left the scene, without securing it. It is only after about an hour and a half that an officer, according to his own testimony to the prosecutor, was ordered to go back and secure the scene. In the meantime, the jewellery store owner, who had beaten up Zak, was still not in custody and was seen on video cleaning up.

“The investigation is not going very well,” says Paparroussou. “The video material from cameras of adjacent shops, which could help to retrace everything that happened, has not been collected by the police. We are told this matter is now closed. There does not seem to have been any active search for witnesses by the police – it is only some friends of the victim who are looking for them and are trying to convince them to come forward. Around fifteen people have testified, but there were over a hundred present. The prosecutor did ask the police to identify the people that appear in videos with Zak before the incident, and particularly one person who was with him before and is also seen during the beating. The police replied one day later, just one day, that they were unable to identify them”.

A great many people, including from the queer community, have expressed outrage online about the way Zak died and are demanding “justice for Zak”. Protests have been held in Athens and Brussels. At the massive anti-racist march in Berlin, on October 13, there was a block dedicated to Zak. Amnesty International, the Hellenic Union for Human Rights, and various NGOs have issued statements condemning the conduct of the police and calling for an investigation.

An internal disciplinary inquest is now under way. Several NGOs have petitioned the Ombudsman’s new “mechanism” to intervene – and they have pledged to do so. “They have no intelligible place in the philosophy of democracy.”

Still, given the Greek police’s track record, of which we here have documented merely a few most memorable instances, it would not be unreasonable to suspect that the officers of the law and the rule of law will continue on their separate ways.

“Part of the reason,” Mark Greif writes, “police seem at present unreformable is that they have no intelligible place in the philosophy of democracy”.[28]

In Greece at least, this certainly has a ring of truth.

Protesters opposing planned changes to Greek strike laws and rampant real estate auctions clash with police outside parliament, Athens, January 12, 2018. Angelos Tzortzinis/Press Association. All rights reserved.

[1] Video footage is available from SKAI TV here, in a news report billed as “attempted robbery”.

[2] Video footage available via Efimerida ton Syntakton, here .

[3] Statement made during live interview here on Antenna TV. Video available online (in Greek).

[4] See Amnesty International, “Police Violence in Greece. Not just ‘Isolated Incidents’,” report, 2012, available online (in English) here; “A Law Unto Themselves. A Culture of Abuse and Impunity in the Greek Police,” report, 2014, available online (in English) here.

[5] A photo by Reuters/Yannis Behrakis is available to view here.

[6] A clip from the video footage is available to view here.

[7] See “Case of Galotskin v. Greece” (Application no. 2945/07), 14.04.2010, available online (in English) here.

[8] The victim of this abuse was also vindicated by the ECHR. See “Case of Zelilof v. Greece” (Application no. 17060/03), 24.08.2007, available online (in English) here .

[9] A part of the video footage is available here and here.

[10] See Chloe Chadjimatheou, “The tourists held by Greek police as illegal migrants,” BBC News, January 10, 2013, available online here.

[11] See Hellenic Union for Human Rights, “Violent attack by Golden Dawn,” Press release, September 26, 2012, available online (in Greek) here.

[12] See Maria Margaronis, “Greek anti-fascist protesters ‘tortured by police’ after Golden Dawn clash,” The Guardian, October 9, 2012, available online here.

[13] For an introduction to the issue, see the article by the investigative team “Ios”, which over the years has revealed a lot of what we know about Golden Dawn: “The Blackshirts of the Hellenic Police” [Oi melanohitones tis ELAS], Eleftherotypia, February 10, 2008. Available online (in Greek).

[14] See Areti Athanassiou, “Police were covering for ‘Periandros’,” Ta Nea, April 17, 2004, available online (in Greek) here.

[15] “The Blackshirts of the Hellenic Police”, ibid.

[16] Part of the footage is available to view here.

[17] See Stelios Vradelis, “The intimate relations between Hellenic Police and Golden Dawn have surfaced” [Stin epifaneia oi sheseis storgis EL.AS.-Hrysis Avgis], Ta Nea, July 1, 2011, available online (in Greek) here.

[18] See Amnesty International, Public Statement, October 29, 2012, available online (in Greek) here.

[19] See “Golden Dawn Attack on Immigrants and lawyer Ioanna Kourtovic” [Epithesi Hrysavgiton se metanastes kai sti dikigoro Ioanna Kourtovic],, September 27, 2012,

[20] The findings of the investigation are no longer available on the Hellenic Police website, but they are available (in Greek) here.

[21] The statement is available (in Greek) here.

[22] Statements by the Commander of the Internal Affairs Service of the Hellenic Police, February 8, 2013, available online (in Greek) here.

[23] Ministry of Public Order and Protection of the Citizen, Press Release, Statements by the Minister on ΜEGA Channel to journalists Dimitris Kampourakis and Yiorgos Oikonomeas, February 4, 2013, available online (in Greek) here.

[24] See Mariniki Alevizopoulou, “Do you remember the guys from Velvendo?” [Thimaste ta paidia sto Velvento?], Unfollow, September 5, 2014.

[25] See “Affaire Sidiropoulos et Papakostas c. Gréce” (Requête no 33349/10), 25.04.2018, available online (in French) here .

[26] The relevant ECHR documentation is available online (in English) here: the original decision is available (in English) here.

[27] The relevant documentation is available online (in English) here.

[28] Mark Greif, “Seeing Through Police,” Verso blog, October 6, 2017, available online here.


16/09/2018: Μηνυτήρια αναφορά για δύο ρατσιστικές επιθέσεις εις βάρος αυτοκινήτων με πινακίδες Τουρκίας και ΠΓΔΜ και των επιβατών τους, στη Θεσσαλονίκη


16 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018


Σας υποβάλλουμε συνημμένη άλλη μια μηνυτήρια αναφορά, στα πλαίσια του προγράμματος του Παρατηρητηρίου Ρατσιστικών Εγκλημάτων, με αντικείμενο δύο ξεχωριστές βίαιες ρατσιστικές επιθέσεις στη Θεσσαλονίκη κατά τη διάρκεια διαδηλώσεων για το όνομα της Μακεδονίας στις 8 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018, εις βάρος αυτοκινήτων και με τρομοκράτηση των επιβατών τους. Το ένα εκ των οχημάτων έφερε τουρκικές πινακίδες και το άλλο πινακίδες της Π.Γ.Δ.Μ. Ακολουθεί σχετικό άρθρο και καταγγελία στο Facebook, και τα δύο με σχετικά βίντεο. Στην πρώτη περίπτωση φαίνονται τα θύματα να συνομιλούν με αστυνομικό και το αμάξι τους όπου υπάρχει το σήμα του στόχου (το οποίο χρησιμοποιείται από νεο-ναζί και συμβολίζει τη “λευκή δύναμη”) και στη δεύτερη περίπτωση φαίνονται οι θύτες (ή κάποιοι από αυτούς):

The Caller
Πανικός στη Θεσσαλονίκη: Έσπασαν αυτοκίνητο με τουρκικές πινακίδες – Σε κατάσταση σοκ οι επιβάτες
09 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018
Επίθεση σε αυτοκίνητο με τουρκικές πινακίδες σημειώθηκε αργά το βράδυ του Σαββάτου στη Θεσσαλονίκη.
Λίγο πριν τις έντεκα το βράδυ, ομάδα ατόμων με ελληνικές σημαίες όρμηξαν πάνω σε αυτοκίνητο με τουρκικές πινακίδες επί της Τσιμισκή με Γούναρη.
Στη συνέχεια απείλησαν τις γυναίκες που βρίσκονταν εντός του αυτοκινήτου, το έσπασαν και έγραψαν πάνω στο καπό. Οι γυναίκες βρίσκονται σε κατάσταση σοκ.

Παρακαλούμε για τις ενέργειές σας καθώς και να μας ενημερώσετε για τον αριθμό πρωτοκόλλου που θα δώσετε στη μήνυση αυτή.

Με τιμή,
Παναγιώτης Δημητράς – Panayote Dimitras

Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι – Greek Helsinki Monitor
address: PO Box 60820 – GR 15304 Glyka Nera Greece


13/09/2018: Καταθέσεις σε 8 δικογραφίες για ρατσιστικά εγκλήματα

Σήμερα ο εκπρόσωπος του Ελληνικού Παρατηρητηρίου των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι (ΕΠΣΕ) Παναγιώτης Δημητράς έδωσε στο Τμήμα Αντιμετώπισης Ρατσιστικής Βίας της ΓΑΔΑ ένορκες καταθέσεις για οκτώ (8) δικογραφίες για ρατσιστικά εγκλήματα που έχουν σχηματισθεί μετά από μηνυτήριες αναφορές του ΕΠΣΕ.

Πέντε καταθέσεις αφορούν πέντε από τα έξι ρατσιστικά εγκλήματα στη Λέσβο το 2017 και 2018 που αναφέρονται στην από 1 Ιουλίου 2018 Μηνυτήρια αναφορά για έξι ρατσιστικά εγκλήματα στη Λέσβο το 2018. Ειδικότερα αφορούν τι ακόλουθες για τις οποίες είχε ήδη καταθέσει ο Παναγιώτης Δημητράς στις 2 Ιουλίου 2018. Όμως, ο Εισαγγελέας Πρωτοδικών Μυτιλήνης ζήτησε -καταχρηστικά- να προσδιορισθούν ξανά οι καταγγελίες και οι καταγγελλόμενοι, παρ’ όλο που αναφέρονταν ήδη στις αρχικές μηνύσεις:

  1. 09/01/2017: Κατά συρροή ρατσιστική άρνηση ξενοδόχων της Λέσβου ατομικά και συλλογικά μέσω της Ένωσης Ξενοδόχων Λέσβου να δεχθούν πρόσφυγες.
  2. 20/02/2018: Πρόδηλα και σκόπιμα προβληθείσα ψευδής ρατσιστική «είδηση» για δήθεν σφαγή προβάτων στη Λέσβο από πρόσφυγες, με προφανή σκοπό να προκληθεί ρατσιστικό μίσος κατά των προσφύγων με την παρουσίασή τους συλλήβδην ως κακοποιών ή/και εγκληματικών ατόμων.
  3. 18/03/2018:Ρατσιστική κατηγορία κατά μεταναστών στη Λέσβο για δήθεν «κλοπή κρέατος» και αναπαραγωγή της «είδησης» από πολλά ΜΜΕ, πάλι με προφανή σκοπό να προκληθεί ρατσιστικό μίσος κατά των προσφύγων με την παρουσίασή τους συλλήβδην ως κακοποιών ή/και εγκληματικών ατόμων. Όλα τα αναφερόμενα ΜΜΕ πρέπει να διωχθούν.
  4. 02/06/2018: Απόπειρα παράνομης βίαιης επαναπροώθησης 35 αιτούντων άσυλο (οι 20 ανήλικοι) από την Frontex, στην Ευθαλού Λέσβου ενώ είχαν εισέλθει στα ελληνικά χωρικά ύδατα και με τρόπο που παρά λίγο να προκαλέσει απώλεια ζωών. Παρατίθενται λινκς από 4 βίντεο που τεκμηριώνουν την καταγγελία.
  5. 14/06/2018: Ρατσιστική και παράνομη απαίτηση επίδειξης διαβατηρίου σε «πολίτες χωρών εκτός Schengen», στη δημοτική πλαζ Μυτιλήνης στα Τσαμάκια.

Η έκτη κατάθεση αφορά την ακόλουθη μήνυση, στην οποία προστέθηκαν σήμερα τα αναφερόμενα στην ιστοσελίδα με τη μήνυση επιστολή της Γενικής Γραμματέα Ανθρώπινων Δικαιωμάτων Μαρίας Γιαννακάκη προς την Εισαγγελία Πρωτοδικών Μυτιλήνης και ανάληψη ευθύνης για την καταστροφή του μνημείου από την ακροδεξιά οργάνωση “Κρυπτεία“:

6. 04/09/2018: Μήνυση για καταστροφή μνημείου για τους πρόσφυγες στη Λέσβο

Η έβδομη κατάθεση αφορά τη μήνυση ισλαμοφοβική και βλάσφημη ανάρτηση του Θάνου Τζήμερου, στην οποία προστέθηκε σήμερα το αναφερόμενο στην ιστοσελίδα με τη μήνυση κείμενο του Προέδρου του Κέντρου Φιλελεύθερων Μελετών Αλέξανδρου Σκούρα που χαρακτηρίζει “ισλαμοφοβικό, φασιστικό και αντιφιλελεύθερο” το κείμενο του Θάνου Τζήμερου, χωρίς να τον κατονομάζει. Προτάθηκαν επίσης ως μάρτυρες οι εκπρόσωποι της μειονότητας βουλευτές Μουσταφά Μουσταφά, Χουσεϊν Ζεϊμπέκ, Αϊχάν Καραγιουσούφ, Ιλχάν Αχμέτ και οι Πρόεδρος και Αντιπρόεδρος του Κόμματος Ισότητας, Ειρήνης και Φιλίας Μουσταφά Αλή Τσαβούς και Οζάν Αχμέτογλου (ο τελευταίος είναι και Πρόεδρος της Τουρκικής Ένωσης Ξάνθης).

7. 05/09/2018: Μήνυση για ισλαμοφοβική και βλάσφημη ανάρτηση του Θάνου Τζήμερου

Η όγδοη κατάθεση αφορά την ακόλουθη μήνυση κατά του Πάνου Καμμένου:

8. 12/09/2018: Μήνυση για δημόσια υποκίνηση μίσους και διατάραξη διεθνών σχέσεων από τον Πάνο Καμμένο

Επικαιροποίηση 16/09/2018:

Μαρία Γιαννακάκη για τα συνεχή κρούσματα ρατσιστικής βίας στη Λέσβο

08/09/2018: Καταγγελία για (έμμεσα) ρατσιστικό λόγο από αστυνομικούς κατά διαδηλωτών και επέμβαση εισαγγελέα

Καταγγελία για (έμμεσα) ρατσιστικό λόγο από αστυνομικούς κατά διαδηλωτών τους οποίους φώναζαν μειωτικά “Βούλγαρους” και του ίδιου από δημοσιογράφο, κατά τη διάρκεια διαδήλωσης για το όνομα της Μακεδονίας στις 8 Σεπτεμβρίου 2018 και επέμβαση εισαγγελέα δύο μέρες μετά, την οποία ακολούθησε η “σύλληψη με την αυτόφωρη διαδικασία τριών μελών διμοιρίας της Υποδιεύθυνσης Αποκατάστασης Τάξης, όπως και του διοικητή τους”:

ProtagonΣτιγμιότυπο από επίθεση διαδηλωτών σε φωτοειδησεογράφο του ξένου Τύπου. Θύματα επίθεσης έπεσαν και άλλοι εκπρόσωποι του Τύπου σύμφωνα με την Ενωση Φωτορεπόρτερ |INTIMEnews

Εισαγγελέας Θεσσαλονίκης: Συλλάβετε τα ΜΑΤ

Σύμφωνα με καταγγελία δημοσιογράφου, φώναζαν «Βούλγαροι – Βούλγαροι» στους διαδηλωτές και βιαιοπράγησαν εναντίον του. Απειλές από ένοπλο (!) διαδηλωτή κατήγγειλε από την πλευρά της η Ενωση Φωτορεπόρτερ Ελλάδος

Protagon Team 10 Σεπτεμβριου 2018

Τη σύλληψη με την αυτόφωρη διαδικασία τριών μελών διμοιρίας της Υποδιεύθυνσης Αποκατάστασης Τάξης, όπως και του διοικητή τους, ζήτησε η εισαγγελέας Ποινικής Δίωξης Θεσσαλονίκης, Εμμανουέλα Κετσιατζή, κατόπιν καταγγελίας δημοσιογράφου για επίθεση που δέχθηκε από τα ΜΑΤ στα επεισόδια του συλλαλητηρίου του Σαββάτου.
Στη μήνυσή του ο εν λόγω δημοσιογράφος κατήγγειλε επίσης ότι οι συγκεκριμένοι αστυνομικοί αποκαλούσαν υποτιμητικά «Βούλγαρους» τους διαδηλωτές. Προσκόμισε μάλιστα και οπτικοακουστικό υλικό που, σύμφωνα με τον ίδιο, αποδεικνύει τις καταγγελίες του.
Αναλυτικά η καταγγελία του δημοσιογράφου:
«Πριν από λίγη ώρα και ενώ κάλυπτα το ρεπορτάζ των επεισοδίων έξω από τη ΔΕΘ δέχτηκα επίθεση από αστυνομικούς των ΜΑΤ. Εξηγώ τον λόγο της επίθεσης: Νωρίτερα ένας από τους αστυνομικούς της συγκεκριμένης διμοιρίας απαντούσε στις ύβρεις διαδηλωτών λέγοντας: Καλά σας @@@@ ο Τσίπρας @@@βούλγαροι.
Διαπίστωσα ότι η συγκεκριμένη διμοιρία ανήκει στη δύναμη των Αθηνών. Πλησίασα τον συγκεκριμένο αστυνομικό και του είπα ότι θα ήταν καλό να μην απαντά στις προκλήσεις των διαδηλωτών με ρατσιστικές ατάκες.
Όπως φάνηκε δεν του άρεσε η παρατήρησή μου. Μόλις με βρήκε μόνο μου, στο σκοτάδι, κάτω από το Λευκό Πύργο μου επιτέθηκε από κοινού με έναν ακόμη συνάδελφο του. Με έπιασαν από το λαιμό και προσπαθούσαν να μου κόψουν την αναπνοή.
Αντέδρασα ζητώντας τα στοιχεία των αστυνομικών που βιαιοπράγησαν εναντίον μου. Δέχτηκα νέα επίθεση από την πλειοψηφία των μελών της διμοιρίας. Ζήτησα από τον επικεφαλής των ΜΑΤ να πράξει τα νόμιμα. Με εκφράσεις πεζοδρομίου απείλησε τόσο εμένα όσο και τους πολίτες που έσπευσαν να καταγράψουν με τα κινητά τους την επίθεση σε βάρος μου.
Δεν με τρομάζουν οι τραμπούκοι. Με τρομάζει ο φασισμός της Κυβέρνησης και των οργάνων της. Η κοινωνία πρέπει να αντιδράσει. Η χώρα που γέννησε τη δημοκρατία ξέρει να διώχνει τις χούντες. Θα το κάνει σύντομα. Όσο για τα «παλικάρια» που μου επιτέθηκαν στο σκοτάδι έχω να πω ότι υπάρχουν αστυνομικοί που τιμούν το εθνόσημο και αστυνομικοί που ντροπιάζουν την Αστυνομία».
Με τη σειρά της, η εισαγγελέας Πλημμελειοδικών, αφού μελέτησε όλα τα στοιχεία, ζήτησε τη σύλληψη των μηνυόμενων προσώπων, για τις πράξεις της παράβασης καθήκοντος και -κατά περίπτωση- της εξύβρισης με ρατσιστικά χαρακτηριστικά και της επικίνδυνης σωματικής βλάβης.
Όπως έγινε γνωστό, ήδη έχουν αποσταλεί οι κλήσεις για τη σύλληψή τους. Όπως προκύπτει από το κείμενο της μήνυσης, οι παραπάνω αστυνομικοί έφτασαν στη Θεσσαλονίκη από την Αθήνα, όπου υπηρετούν, για τις ανάγκες των αστυνομικών μέτρων με αφορμή τα εγκαίνια της 83ης ΔΕΘ. Σύμφωνα με εισαγγελικές πηγές, ο επικεφαλής της διμοιρίας έχει τον βαθμό του αστυνομικού διευθυντή. Κατά τις ίδιες πηγές όλοι οι εμπλεκόμενοι έχουν επιστρέψει στην Αθήνα και, σύμφωνα με την εισαγγελική παραγγελία, αναζητούνται στα όρια του αυτοφώρου.

Απειλή από ένοπλο διαδηλωτή καταγγέλλει η Eνωση Φωτορεπόρτερ

Απειλές κατά εκροσώπων του Τύπου καταγγέλλει και η Ενωση Φωτορεπόρτερ Ελλάδος, αυτή τη φορά όμως από διαδηλωτές που μετείχαν στο επεισοδιακό συλλαλητήριο του Σαββάτου.
Σύμφωνα μάλιστα με την καταγγελία, ένας εξ αυτών οπλοφορούσε και επιδείκνυε με προκλητικό τρόπο το περίστροφο που είχε πάνω του.
Συγκεκριμένα όπως καταγγέλλει η ΕΦΕ, «την ώρα που ήταν σε εξέλιξη τα επεισόδια με ρίψεις αντικειμένων και χημικών από την πλευρά των αστυνομικών, διαδηλωτής πλησίασε γυναίκα εικονολήπτη που κάλυπτε την διαδήλωση για λογαριασμό τηλεοπτικού σταθμού και προσπάθησε να της αποσπάσει με βία την κάμερα. Με την επέμβαση συναδέλφων φωτορεπόρτερ απετράπη η κλοπή και ακολούθησε λογομαχία. »
Εκείνη την στιγμή άλλος διαδηλωτής που βρισκόταν κοντά απείλησε τους φωτορεπόρτερ λέγοντας: ‘ξέρεις τι κρατάω εδώ;’, δείχνοντας παράλληλα ότι στο τσαντάκι του είχε περίστροφο, το οποίο και εμφάνισε προκλητικά».
«Το γεγονός ότι δεν έστρεψε το όπλο πάνω στους συναδέλφους, αφενός συνέβη επειδή σε κοντινό σημείο υπήρχε συγκεντρωμένη αστυνομική δύναμη, αφετέρου αυτό δεν υποβαθμίζει την σοβαρότητα του γεγονότος, το οποίο συνιστά άμεση απειλή εναντίον εργαζομένων του Τύπου», υπογραμμίζεται στη σχετική ανακοίνωση.
Σημειώνεται τέλος, ότι «η Αστυνομία δεν κατάφερε να συλλάβει τον δράστη παρότι παρά την πολυάριθμη παρουσία της στο σημείο και παρότι ενημερώθηκε άμεσα από τους συναδέλφους φωτορεπόρτερ».
«Το ΔΣ της ΕΦΕ καταδικάζει με τον πιο έντονο τρόπο το άνω περιστατικό και καταγγέλλει τις πρακτικές τρομοκράτησης του τύπου που θέτουν σε κίνδυνο τόσο την ασφάλεια των εργαζομένων όσο και την ίδια την Δημοκρατία» καταλήγει η ανακοίνωση για το πρωτοφανές περιστατικό.
Με αφορμή την καταγγελία της Ενωσης Φωτορεπόρτερ, ο ΣΥΡΙΖΑ ζήτησε την άμεση διερεύνηση της από τις εισαγγελικές αρχές.
«Οι αρμόδιες αρχές οφείλουν άμεσα να διερευνήσουν τη σοβαρότατη καταγγελία της Ένωσης Φωτορεπόρτερ Ελλάδας σχετικά με την ένοπλη απειλή διαδηλωτή εναντίον λειτουργών της ενημέρωσης, στο συλλαλητήριο του Σαββάτου κατά της Συμφωνίας των Πρεσπών, και να προβούν στις δέουσες ενέργειες. Το ακροδεξιό μίσος και η φασιστική βία πρέπει να έχουν τη δέουσα απάντηση από τη δημοκρατική Πολιτεία», τονίζεται στη σχετική ανακοίνωση της Κουμουνδούρου. Πηγή:

07/08/2018: Ρατσιστική και παράνομη άρνηση ενοικίασης σε πολίτες της Π.Γ.Δ. της Μακεδονίας από ξενοδόχο στην Κρήτη

Ρατσιστική και παράνομη άρνηση ενοικίασης σε πολίτες της Π.Γ.Δ. της Μακεδονίας από ξενοδόχο στην Κρήτη, σύμφωνα με κομπασμό του ίδιου στο Facebook στις 7 Αυγούστου 2018 [ο όρος “Σκοπιανοί” που χρησιμοποιεί το Vice είναι όμως απαράδεκτος]:

Vice 11/08/2018

Ξενοδόχος στην Κρήτη Αρνείται να Δώσει Δωμάτιο σε Σκοπιανούς, Επειδή Δεν του Αρέσουν τα Διαβατήρια

Το Υπουργείο Τουρισμού, που τελεί υπό την ηγεσία της Έλενας Κουντουρά, μέλος των ΑΝΕΛ, καταδίκασε μεν το γεγονός, δήλωσε όμως -περιέργως- αναρμόδιο.

Το φετινό καλοκαίρι ξεκίνησε όχι μόνο η τουριστική σεζόν, αλλά και η διπλωματική συμφωνία των Πρεσπών που επιχειρεί να συμβιβάσει τις δυο χώρες στην αναγνώριση της γειτονικής χώρας ως «Βόρεια Μακεδονία». Στην ΠΓΔΜ προγραμματίζεται δημοψήφισμα για το φθινόπωρο ενώ στην Ελλάδα το ζήτημα προκαλεί πολιτικούς τριγμούς, μέχρι και παραιτήσεις κυβερνητικών στελεχών, κυρίως από το κόμμα των Ανεξάρτητων Ελλήνων. Στην ελληνική κοινωνία, όμως, ξεδιπλώνει ιστορίες παράνοιας, ρατσισμού και μισαλλοδοξίας που φτάνουν πολύ πιο πέρα από τα συλλαλητήρια για τη διαφωνία του ονόματος.

Μια τέτοια ιστορία, βασισμένη στα πρότυπα του Απαρτχάιντ, έγινε γνωστή προχθές, όταν ένας ξενοδόχος από τα Μάλια της Κρήτης πλημμυρισμένος από μια νοσηρή και περίεργη «περηφάνια», αρνήθηκε όπως είπε τη διαμονή σε τουρίστες από την ΠΓΔΜ. Στην ανάρτηση που έκανε ο ίδιος, έγραψε πως «Ήρθαν να ζητήσουν δωμάτιο αλλά με τέτοια διαβατήρια τους είπα ότι αυτά τα διαβατήρια δεν ισχύουν στο ξενοδοχείο μου. Μαγκιά μου. Εγώ σαν Έλληνας έπραξα το πρέπον φροντίστε και οι υπόλοιποι». Παράλληλα, έβγαλε φωτογραφία τα διαβατήρια των τουριστών, τα οποία περιλαμβάνουν τα προσωπικά τους δεδομένα, πιθανότατα χωρίς οι ίδιοι να το γνωρίζουν και τα ανήρτησε στον προσωπικό του λογαριασμό στο Facebook.


Από την αρχή του καλοκαιριού, Σέρβοι και Σκοπιανοί τουρίστες κατακλύζουν τη Χαλκιδική, ενώ ακολουθούν σε αριθμούς οι Βούλγαροι και Ρουμάνοι. Εκτιμάται ότι από το ένα εκατομμύριο αφίξεων κάθε καλοκαίρι, οι μισές αφορούν Βαλκάνιους επισκέπτες. Παρά το γεγονός πως ένα μεγάλο μέρος του τουρισμού, κυρίως της Χαλκιδικής, στηρίζεται στους Βαλκάνιους επισκέπτες, οι οποίοι αποδεικνύουν έμπρακτα πως η αγάπη τους για τις ελληνικές παραλίες δεν δίνει ιδιαίτερη σημασία στη συμφωνία Τσίπρα – Ζάεφ, ορισμένοι αρνούνται να αποδεχτούν πως οι δυο λαοί έχουν περισσότερα πράγματα να τους ενώνουν, παρά να τους χωρίζουν. Οι πιθανότητες, βέβαια, η υπέρμετρη δήθεν μαγκιά να πηγάζει από την πληρότητα του Αυγούστου είναι αρκετές.

Το VICE Greece επικοινώνησε με το Υπουργείο Τουρισμού το οποίο τελεί υπό την ηγεσία της Έλενας Κουντουρά, μέλος των Ανεξάρτητων Ελλήνων, του κόμματος που ακολουθεί πολύ συγκεκριμένη γραμμή για το Σκοπιανό ζήτημα, εξαπολύοντας κάθε τόσο εθνικιστικές κορώνες. Χθες άλλωστε, ο αρχηγός των ΑΝΕΛ, Πάνος Καμμένος, μιλώντας στον δήλωσε για άλλη μια φορά πως «Όποτε έρθει η συμφωνία στη Βουλή, εάν περάσουν όλες οι διαδικασίες από τη μεριά των Σκοπίων, οι ΑΝΕΛ θα αποχωρήσουν από την κυβέρνηση. Θα πάμε σε εκλογές αν φέρουν αυτήν τη συμφωνία στη Βουλή κι εγώ θα αποχωρήσω από την κυβέρνηση. Αυτό είναι δέσμευσή μου».

Το υπουργείο καταδίκασε μεν το γεγονός, δήλωσε όμως -περιέργως- αναρμόδιο και εμφανώς αδιάφορο στις ρατσιστικές διαθέσεις του ξενοδόχου. Όπως είπαν, «Οι συγκεκριμένοι πολίτες (της ΠΓΔΜ) μπορούν να ασκήσουν τα ένδικα μέσα αν θέλουν. Αντιδράσεις όπως αυτή του συγκεκριμένου ξενοδόχου, όμως, είναι πέρα από τον τουρισμό. Η κουλτούρα του τουρισμού είναι ακριβώς αυτή, ότι πηγαίνεις σε άλλες χώρες, γνωρίζεις πολιτισμούς, έρχεσαι σε επαφή με άλλους ανθρώπους. Τώρα, αν οι άνθρωποι οι οποίοι υπηρετούν τον τουρισμό δεν μπορούν να αντιληφθούν αυτό το μέγεθος και ό,τι κάνουν το κάνουν επιλεκτικά, δηλαδή θεωρούν καλούς μόνο τους Άγγλους και τους Γάλλους και θεωρούν κακούς Αλβανούς, Τούρκους, Σκοπιανούς, είναι προφανώς κατακριτέο

Στην ερώτηση αν το υπουργείο ενεργεί με κάποιον τρόπο σε τέτοιες περιπτώσεις, διότι υπάρχουν εδώ εμφανέστατα παραπτώματα που πλήττουν τον τουρισμό, λάβαμε την απάντηση «Τι πρέπει να κάνει το Υπουργείο; Αν γίνει κάποια καταγγελία, είναι δουλειά της Αστυνομίας ή αν πέσει στην αντίληψη κάποιου εισαγγελέα και διαπιστώσει πως παραβιάζεται κάποιος νόμος, να παρέμβει. Μπορεί βέβαια να γίνει και καταγγελία στο υπουργείο, στο οποίο πολλοί τουρίστες εξυπηρετούνται για μικρά ή μεγάλα ζητήματα από τις υπηρεσίες του, κατά κυριο λόγο τις τοπικές».

Με ένα μικρό Google search, ωστόσο, μπορεί να διαπιστώσει κάποιος πως εμφανέσατα ο συγκεκριμένος ξενοδόχος, χρησιμοποιώντας ρατσιστικά κίνητρα, παραβαίνει το πρώτο άρθρο του κανονισμού των σχέσεων ξενοδόχων και πελατών, ο οποίος αναφέρει πως «ο ξενοδόχος υποχρεούται να νοικιάζει τα κενά δωμάτιά του σε κάθε πελάτη». Μπορεί να αρνηθεί μόνο εάν ο πελάτης είναι ολοφάνερα ασθενής, βρίσκεται σε μέθη ή είναι ρυπαρός.

Εκτός αυτού, προφανώς χωρίς οι τουρίστες να το γνωρίζουν, έβγαλε φωτογραφίες τα διαβατήριά τους και τα προσωπικά τους δεδομένα, τα οποία αργότερα ανέβασε στο Διαδίκτυο, κάτι που επίσης απαγορεύεται. Η δημοσιοποίηση τέτοιων εγγράφων επιτρέπεται μόνο όταν κάποιος έχει δώσει τη συγκατάθεσή του και για συγκεκριμένους σκοπούς, κάτι που μάλλον δεν έγινε στη συγκεκριμένη περίπτωση. Για να νιώσει ο ξενοδόχος «μάγκας», όπως είπε, παραβαίνει και τη νομοθεσία για την προστασία και τη χρήση των προσωπικών δεδομένων.

Στο Υπουργείο Τουρισμού υπάρχει η Διεύθυνση Ποιοτικών Προτύπων στο οποίο υπάρχει τμήμα καταγγελιών που υποτίθεται πως ερευνά τέτοιες περιπτώσεις, ωστόσο δεν ζητήθηκε καν να δώσουμε τα στοιχεία του ξενοδόχου προκειμένου το αρμόδιο τμήμα να πράξει τα δέοντα.

Μέχρι και το Facebook έκανε κάτι γι’ αυτό:

FireShot Capture 114 - (5) Μου το κατέβασαν και μερικοί μη γράφουν... - _ - https___archive.fo_BRQyR.jpg

23/07/2018: Ρατσιστικό, αντιτουρκικό και συνωμοσιολογικό tweet Κ. Βελόπουλου για πυρκαγιές

Ρατσιστικό, αντιτουρκικό και συνωμοσιολογικό tweet Κ. Βελόπουλου για πυρκαγιές στις 23 Ιουλίου 2018.

FireShot Capture 111 - Ο χρήστης Κυριάκος _ - https___twitter.com_velopky_status_1021476258813825027

30/05/2018: Μήνυση για (άλλη μία) ισλαμοφοβική ανάρτηση Ανδρέα Ανδριανόπουλου βασισμένη σε fake news

30 Μαΐου 2018




Το Vice επισημαίνει σήμερα ανάρτηση του Ανδρέα Ανδιανόπουλου “ο οποίος ουκ ολίγες φορές έχει εκφράσει στο Twitter τις αντι-ισλαμικές απόψεις του,” όπως επισημάινει ο συντάκτης Θοδωρής Χονδρόγιαννος. Σε αυτή παρουσιάζει σκηνή από τηλεοπτική παραγωγή ως δήθεν εμγανίζουσα πρόσφυγα από τη Συρία, για να αναφέρει δύο ψευδή γεγονότα, δηλαδή πως γενικά όλοι οι πρόσφυγες από τη Συρία είναι “σουνίτες” και πως όλοι τους είναι οπαδοί του “Ισλαμικού Κράτους” άρα τρομοκράτες, γεγονός εξόχως ρατσιστικό (παράβαση του Ν. 927/79) απέναντι στους Σύριους πρόσφυγες συλλήβδην. Αξιοσημείωτο είναι πως, όπως αναφέρεται στο άρθρο, τον ίδο ισλαμοφοβικό ισχυρισμό με βάση την ίδια fake news είχε κάνει το ακροδεξιό, ισλαμοφοβικό κόμμα AfD στη Γερμανία, από όπου πιθανότατα άντλησε την είδηση ισλαμόφοβος Έλληνας ακροδεξιός (με ψευδώνυμο “Ο τολμών νικά”) του οποίου την ανάρτηση υιοθέτησε ο ισλαμόφοβος Ανδρέας Ανδριανόπουλος.

Παρακαλούμε για τις ενέργειές σας καθώς και να μας ενημερώσετε για τον αριθμό πρωτοκόλλου που θα δώσετε στη μήνυση αυτή.


Με τιμή

Παναγιώτης Δημητράς – Panayote Dimitras
Ελληνικό Παρατηρητήριο των Συμφωνιών του Ελσίνκι – Greek Helsinki Monitor
address: PO Box 60820 – GR 15304 Glyka Nera Greece


Τα Fake News Πήγαν σε Άλλο Επίπεδο με τη Φωτογραφία «Προσφυγόπουλου», που Τελικά Ήταν Ηθοποιός του Netflix - VIC

εκφράσει στο Twitter τις αντι-ισλαμικές απόψεις του. Ωστόσο, αυτήν τη φορά βιάστηκε να ποστάρει και μάλλον εκτέθηκε.

Τα Fake News Πήγαν σε Άλλο Επίπεδο με τη Φωτογραφία «Προσφυγόπουλου», που Τελικά Ήταν Ηθοποιός του Netflix - VICΤα Fake News Πήγαν σε Άλλο Επίπεδο με τη Φωτογραφία «Προσφυγόπουλου», που Τελικά Ήταν Ηθοποιός του Netflix - VIC

την ίδια φωτογραφία, όπως την έχει ποστάρει ο Vittorio Vito Pirbazari στον προσωπικό λογαριασμό του στο Instagram, όπου αναφέρει: «#dogsofberlin

Τα Fake News Πήγαν σε Άλλο Επίπεδο με τη Φωτογραφία «Προσφυγόπουλου», που Τελικά Ήταν Ηθοποιός του Netflix - VIC

29/05/2018: Μήνυση για ρατσιστικό μισαλλόδοξο άρθρο Θέμου Αναστασιάδη σε βάρος Αλβανών

Μήνυση για ρατσιστικό μισαλλόδοξο άρθρο Θέμου Αναστασιάδη σε βάρος Αλβανών 29-5-2018-1Μήνυση για ρατσιστικό μισαλλόδοξο άρθρο Θέμου Αναστασιάδη σε βάρος Αλβανών 29-5-2018-2

Επικαιροποίηση 30 Μαΐου 2018

Τα ελληνικά ΜΜΕ αποσιώπησαν τη μήνυση, σε αντίθεση με τα αλβανικά ΜΜΕ όπου υπάρχουν δεκάδες σχετικές αναρτήσεις προσβάσιμες από τα λινκς:ë+Greqi,&client=opera&hs=QOg&tbs=qdr:d&ei=AnsOW4b9MuGF6ATT_JPIAg&start=0&sa=N&biw=1048&bih=506 και